The 1957–58 NHL season was the 41st season of the National Hockey League (NHL) which lasted from October 8, 1957 to April 20, 1958.
League Business[edit | edit source]
It was announced in September that Senator Hartland Molson had purchased 60% stock from the Canadian Arena Company and the Montreal Canadiens from Senator Donat Raymond.
Organization of Players' Association[edit | edit source]
On February 11, 1957, Doug Harvey and Ted Lindsay led the drive to form the National Hockey League Players' Association (or NHLPA), a players' labour association and sued the NHL over the issue of player pensions, salaries during training camp, meal allowances, remuneration for exhibition games and a no trade clause after six years service.
On July 23, 1957, Lindsay lost his captaincy of the Detroit Red Wings and was traded to the Chicago Black Hawks in an effort to intimidate the players.
After the NHL declined to negotiate with the players over benefits and would not open the books on the pension plan, the player's association filed an anti-trust lawsuit on October 10, 1957.
The lawsuit alleged the monopolization of the professional hockey industry since 1926 in violations of the Sherman and Clayton Anti-Trust Acts. Furthermore, on November 6, 1957 the Toronto Maple Leafs players voted unanimously to certify the union.
The NHL started to fight back.
First, they traded Lindsay to Chicago to separate him from the Red Wings, the American team the NHLPA had targeted for a ratication vote.
Next, Jack Adams spread false stories in the press alleging various slanders had been made by Lindsay against the Red Wings players and produced a fake contract to the press showing an over-inflated salary value for Lindsay, greater than Gordie Howe. The ruse worked and the Red Wings players decided to dis-associate themselves from the NHLPA on November 13, 1957.
Part of the problem of organizing the players was confusion about the type of association they were forming. The NHLPA had applied in Canada to the Ontario Labour Relations Board for certification, but the ORLB had no experience with workers like hockey players.
NHLPA members negotiated individual contracts and wanted to continue to bargain this way. The matter of the NHLPA being an actual union where the members were bound together and faught for collective agreements, was unclear.
The NHLPA legal counsel, Milton Mound, addressed this, saying that the players would negotiate on matters common to all players (pensions, allowances) but retained the right to individual contracts.
The League (and especially Conn Smythe) argued that players were forming a "trade union" and were no better than "commies" and would lose things like individual bonuses. He believed that hockey players were in the business of being "independent contractors" and had no right or reason for a collective organization.
The confusion worried both employer and employee. The situation was exacerbated by the certification process. The OLRB was taking time, and no one knew how this transnational association would work, or how it would be recognized by the US National Labor Relations Board.
In fact, the NLRB asked the NHLPA to withdraw its unfair labor practices charge on November 20, 1957, arguing it did not have jurisdiction. This was followed by the Montreal Canadiens players rejection of the association in early January, 1958.
The OLRB resumed meeting on January 7, 1958, but both the League and the players were concerned.
The NHL was convinced that the ORLB was not going to dismiss the application, regardless of how they ruled on the union versus association issue & the players were worried (given the setbacks in Detroit and Montreal) that they didn't have grounds to actually form an association (especially since they didn't want to be a traditional "union.")
The players and owners both felt pressure to conclude something, so they gathered (without lawyers) for a 13 hour meeting in the boardroom of the Biltmore Hotel in Palm Beach, just after the regular NHL winter meetings.
In an out-of-court settlement on February 5, 1958, the NHL promised:
- A $7000 minimum wage (which was, in actuality, the unofficial League norm)
- An increase in pension benefits,
- Increased hospitalization benefits,
- The player shall be the sole judge of his physical fitness to play after injury.
"In the end, the players had little to show for their rebellion. A few cosmetic changes were made, but even the communication problem did not seem to have been solved. Over the ensuing seasons the Owner-Player Council did not even meet regularly, and paternalism prevailed. It was not until 1967 that the idea of a union once again gained currency, again in an era of general revived interest across all the major league sports. The fundamental question at the root of the NHLPA failure was whether players really were laborers who could form a trade union. Seemingly caught in a space both commercial and non-commercial, players felt uneasy locating themselves wholly within either. This in itself reflected the success of the owners in using cultural formations to restrain their labor force. Led by Conn Smythe, the league appealed to cultural bonds of loyalty and tradition as justifications for retaining the existing economic structure of labor-management relations, long after other industries had been forced by the state to move toward formal, union-led collective bargaining arrangements."
Regular Season[edit | edit source]
This season saw the Montreal Canadiens regain first place overall while the previous season's leader, the Detroit Red Wings, slipped to third.
Glenn Hall (after two playoff years in which the Wings were eliminated) was traded, along with Ted Lindsay to the Chicago Black Hawks & Terry Sawchuk was brought back to Detroit in a deal that saw Larry Hillman & Johnny Bucyk go to Boston.
Chicago almost made the playoffs and Hall's goaltending, including seven shutouts, one of which was in his debut with the Hawks, made him a contender for the Hart Trophy.
On October 19, 1957, Rocket Richard (in a 3–1 win over Chicago) scored his 500th career goal, against Glenn Hall. He immediately dedicated it to his old coach Dick Irvin, who had died on May 15, 1957 after a long bout with bone cancer.
When Marcel Paille was brought up to the Rangers from Providence of the AHL for the ailing Gump Worsley, he sparkled and Worsley was sent down to Providence even though he was eventually recalled. Worsley had his finest campaign up to this point, with a 2.32 goals-against average and four shutouts, and the Rangers finished second (their highest finish since 1941–42).
Two contenders for the Calder Memorial Trophy, Chicago's Bobby Hull and the Toronto Maple Leafs' Frank Mahovlich battled all season for rookie honours. Mahovlich prevailed, although the Maple Leafs finished last in the NHL.
This season also saw the first player of African descent play in the league. Willie O'Ree suited up with the Boston Bruins on January 18, 1958, in a game against the Canadiens in Montreal.
Playoffs[edit | edit source]
The first-place Montreal Canadiens swept the third-place Detroit Red Wings to qualify for the final.
Semifinals[edit | edit source]
Montreal Canadiens vs. Detroit Red Wings
- March 25, 1958: 8-1 (Winner: Montreal)
- March 27, 1958: 5-1 (Winner: Montreal)
- March 30, 1958: 2-1 Overtime (Winner: Montreal)
- April 1, 1958: 4-3 (Winner: Montreal)
Montreal wins 4–0.
New York Rangers vs. Boston Bruins
- March 25, 1958: 5-3 (Winner: NY Rangers)
- March 27, 1958: 4-3 OT (Winner: Boston)
- March 29, 1958: 5-0 (Winner: Boston)
- April 1, 1958: 5-2 (Winner: NY Rangers)
- April 3, 1958: 6-1 (Winner: Boston)
- April 5, 1958: 8-2 (Winner: Boston)
Boston wins 4–2.
Finals[edit | edit source]
The Canadiens (making their eighth consecutive appearance in the Stanley Cup final) defeated the Bruins in six games.
It was the Canadiens' third consecutive Stanley Cup triumph.
Montreal Canadiens vs. Boston Bruins
- April 8, 1958: 2-1 (Winner: Montreal)
- April 10, 1958: 5-2 (Winner: Boston)
- April 13, 1958: 3-0 (Winner: Montreal)
- April 15, 1958: 3-1 (Winner: Boston)
- April 17, 1958: 3-2 Overtime (Winner: Montreal)
- April 20, 1958: 5-3 (Winner: Montreal)
Montreal wins 4–2.
Awards[edit | edit source]
Player Statistics[edit | edit source]
Scoring leaders[edit | edit source]
(Note: GP = Games played, G = Goals, A = Assists, PTS = Points, PIM = Penalties in minutes)
|Dickie Moore||Montreal Canadiens||70||36||48||84||65|
|Henri Richard||Montreal Canadiens||67||28||52||80||56|
|Andy Bathgate||New York Rangers||65||30||48||78||42|
|Gordie Howe||Detroit Red Wings||64||33||44||77||40|
|Bronco Horvath||Boston Bruins||67||30||36||66||71|
|Ed Litzenberger||Chicago Black Hawks||70||32||30||62||63|
|Fleming Mackell||Boston Bruins||70||20||40||60||72|
|Jean Beliveau||Montreal Canadiens||55||27||32||59||93|
|Alex Delvecchio||Detroit Red Wings||70||21||38||59||22|
|Don McKenney||Boston Bruins||70||28||30||58||22|
Leading goaltenders[edit | edit source]
(Note: GP = Games played; Min – Minutes Played; GA = Goals Against; GAA = Goals Against Average; W = Wins; L = Losses; T = Ties; SO = Shutouts)
|Jacques Plante||Montreal Canadiens||57||3386||119||2.11||34||14||8||9|
|Lorne Worsley||New York Rangers||37||2220||86||2.32||21||10||6||4|
|Don Simmons||Boston Bruins||39||2288||92||2.41||15||14||9||5|
|Harry Lumley||Boston Bruins||24||1500||71||2.84||11||10||3||3|
|Glenn Hall||Chicago Black Hawks||70||4200||200||2.86||24||39||7||7|
|Terry Sawchuk||Detroit Red Wings||70||4200||205||2.94||29||29||12||3|
|Marcel Paille||New York Rangers||33||1980||102||3.09||11||15||7||1|
|Ed Chadwick||Toronto Maple Leafs||70||4200||223||3.19||21||38||11||4|
Debuts[edit | edit source]
The following is a list of players of note who played their first NHL game in 1957–58:
- Willie O'Ree, Boston Bruins (First ever black player to play in the NHL)
- Bobby Hull, Chicago Black Hawks
- Murray Oliver, Detroit Red Wings
- Ab McDonald*, Montreal Canadiens
- Carl Brewer, Toronto Maple Leafs
- Bob Nevin, Toronto Maple Leafs
Last Games[edit | edit source]
The following is a list of players of note who played their last game in the NHL in 1957–58 (listed with their last team):