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The Colorado Avalanche are a professional ice hockey team based in Denver, Colorado. They are members of the Central Division of the Western Conference of the National Hockey League (NHL).

The Avalanche are the only team in their division not based in the Central Time Zone; the team is situated in the Mountain Time Zone. Their home arena is Pepsi Center. Their general manager is Joe Sakic.

The Avalanche were founded in 1972 as the Quebec Nordiques and were one of the charter franchises of the World Hockey Association (WHA). The franchise joined the NHL in 1979 as a result of the NHL–WHA merger.

Following the 1994–95 season, they were sold to the COMSAT Entertainment Group and relocated to Denver.

In the club's first season in Denver, the Avalanche won the Pacific Division and went on to sweep the Florida Panthers in the 1996 Stanley Cup Finals, becoming the first NHL team to win the Stanley Cup in the season following a relocation.

Among teams in the major North American professional sports leagues, only the National Football League (NFL)'s Washington Redskins have also accomplished the feat. This was the first major professional sports championship a Denver-based team would bring to the city.

In the 2001 Stanley Cup Finals, the Avalanche defeated the New Jersey Devils 4–3 to win their second and most recent championship.

As a result, they are the only active NHL team that has won all of its Stanley Cup Final appearances.

The Avalanche have won nine division titles (including their first eight in a row in Denver, the longest such streak in NHL history) and qualified for the playoffs in each of their first ten seasons in Denver; this streak ended in 2007.

Franchise History[]

Quebec Nordiques (1972–1995)[]

The Quebec Nordiques were one of the World Hockey Association's original teams when the league began play in 1972.

Though first awarded to a group in San Francisco, the team quickly moved to Quebec City, Canada when the California deal soured because of financial and arena problems.

During their seven WHA seasons, the Nordiques won the Avco World Trophy once in 1977 and lost the finals once in 1975. In 1979, the franchise entered the NHL, along with the WHA's Edmonton Oilers, Hartford Whalers and Winnipeg Jets.

After making the postseason for seven consecutive years (from 1981 to 1987), the Nordiques became one of the worst teams in the league.

From 1987–88 to 1991–92, the team finished last in their division every season, and three of those times they finished dead last in the league. This included a dreadful 12-win season in 1989-90 that is still the worst in franchise history

As a result, the team earned three consecutive first overall draft picks which were used to select Mats Sundin (1989), Owen Nolan (1990) and Eric Lindros (1991).

Lindros made it clear he did not wish to play for the Nordiques to the extent that he did not wear the team's jersey for the press photographs, only holding it when it was presented to him. On advice from his mother, he refused to sign a contract and began a holdout that lasted over a year.

On June 30, 1992, Lindros was traded to the Philadelphia Flyers in exchange for five players, the rights to Swedish prospect Peter Forsberg, two first round draft picks and US$15 million.

The Eric Lindros trade turned the moribund Nordiques into a Stanley Cup contender almost overnight and in hindsight, it is seen as one of the most one-sided deals in sports history.

In the first season after the trade (in the 1992–93 season), the Nordiques reached the playoffs for the first time in six years. Two years later, they won the Northeast Division and had the second best regular-season record during the strike-shortened season.

While the team experienced on-ice success, it spent most of its first 23 years struggling financially.

Quebec City was by far the smallest market in the league and the second-smallest to host a team in the four major sports. The changing financial environment in the NHL made things even more difficult.

In 1995, team owner Marcel Aubut asked for a bailout from Quebec's provincial government as well as a new publicly funded arena, but the bailout fell through and Aubut subsequently began talks with COMSAT Entertainment Group in Denver (which already owned the National Basketball Association (NBA)'s Denver Nuggets).

In May 1995, COMSAT announced an agreement in principle to purchase the team. The deal became official on July 1, 1995, and 12,000 season tickets were sold in the 37 days after the announcement of the move to Denver.

Even though the team was losing money, when the team relocated, it still made a profit, it was sold so owner Marcel Aubut could make a profit off of the franchise.

COMSAT considered several names for the team (including Extreme, Blizzards and Black Bears).

It also debated whether to brand the team as a Denver team or as a regional franchise representing either Colorado or the entire Rocky Mountain region. After initially filing copyright protection for "Black Bears," the team decided on Rocky Mountain eXtreme but was ridiculed for huge backlash.

COMSAT opted to name the team the Colorado Avalanche after the public reaction to the eXtreme name. The new name was revealed August 10, 1995.

Colorado Avalanche (1995–present)[]

1995–96: First year, First Cup

After buying the team, COMSAT organized its Denver sports franchises under a separate subsidiary, Ascent Entertainment Group Inc. (which went public in 1995) with 80% of its stock bought by COMSAT and the other 20% available on NASDAQ.

The Colorado Avalanche played their first game in the McNichols Sports Arena in Denver (where the Denver Nuggets once played) on October 6, 1995, winning 3–2 against the Detroit Red Wings. Valeri Kamensky scored the first goal as the Avalanche.

Led by captain Joe Sakic, forward Peter Forsberg & defenseman Adam Foote on the ice and Pierre Lacroix as the general manager and Marc Crawford as the head coach, the Avalanche became stronger when All-Star Montreal Canadiens goalie Patrick Roy joined the team.

Feeling humiliated for being left in the net after having let in nine goals in 26 shots during a Canadiens game against the Red Wings, Roy joined the Avalanche on December 6, 1995, together with ex-Montreal captain Mike Keane in a trade for Jocelyn Thibault, Martin Rucinsky and Andrei Kovalenko. Roy would prove a pivotal addition for Colorado in the years to come.

The Avalanche finished the regular season with a 47–25–10 record for 104 points, won the Pacific Division and finished second in the Western Conference.

Colorado progressed to the playoffs, defeating the Vancouver Canucks and the Chicago Blackhawks in the first two rounds, both in six games and the Presidents' Trophy-winning Detroit Red Wings in the Western Conference Finals in six games as well.

In the Stanley Cup Finals, the Avalanche met the Florida Panthers (who were also in their first Finals).

The Avalanche swept the series 4–0. In Game 4, during the third overtime and after more than 100 minutes of play with no goals, defenseman Uwe Krupp scored to claim the franchise's first Stanley Cup.

Joe Sakic was the playoff's scoring leader with 34 points (18 goals & 16 assists) and won the Conn Smythe Trophy (which is awarded to the most valuable player to his team during the playoffs).

The 1996 Stanley Cup was the first major professional championship won by a Denver team and the Avalanche are the only team (expansion or brand new) in NHL history to win the Stanley Cup their first season after a relocation & only the second team to win a championship their first season after a relocation in any of the four major North American sports leagues (following the Washington Redskins of the NFL).

They also became the second team from the WHA to win the Cup.

With the Cup win, Russians Alexei Gusarov & Valeri Kamensky and Swede Peter Forsberg became members of the Triple Gold Club, the exclusive group of ice hockey players who have won Olympic gold, World Championship gold, and the Stanley Cup.

1996–2000: Early Success

In the 1996–97 season, Colorado won the Pacific Division, as well as the Presidents' Trophy for finishing the regular season with the best record in the league: 49–24–9 for 107 points. The team was also the league's best scoring with an average of 3.38 goals scored per game.

The Avalanche met the two lowest seeds of the Western Conference in the first two rounds of the playoffs: the Chicago Blackhawks & the Edmonton Oilers and defeated them in six games and five games, respectively.

During a rematch of the previous year Western Conference Finals, the Avalanche lost to the Detroit Red Wings in six games. Detroit went on to sweep the Stanley Cup Finals just as the Avalanche had done the year before. Sandis Ozolinsh was elected for the league's first All-Star team at the end of the season.

As a free agent during the summer of 1997, Joe Sakic signed a three-year, $21 million offer sheet with the New York Rangers. Under the collective bargaining agreement at the time, the Avalanche had one week to match the Rangers' offer or let go of Sakic. Colorado would match the offer which instigated a salary raise for NHL players.

In the following season, Colorado won the Pacific Division with a 39–26–17 record for 95 points. The Avalanche sent the largest delegation of the NHL to the 1998 Winter Olympics ice hockey tournament in Nagano, Japan: 10 players representing seven countries and coach Marc Crawford for Canada.

Milan Hejduk won the gold medal for Czech Republic, Alexei Gusarov and Valeri Kamensky got the silver medal for Russia and Jari Kurri won the bronze medal for Finland.

Colorado lost in the Western Conference Quarter-finals against the Edmonton Oilers in seven games, after having led the series 3–1. Peter Forsberg was the league's second highest scorer in the regular season with 91 points (25 goals and 66 assists) and was elected for the league's first all star team.

After the end of the season, head coach Marc Crawford rejected the team's offer of a two-year deal. Bob Hartley was hired to the head coach position in June 1998.

In the 1998–99 season (with the addition of the Nashville Predators to the league), the NHL realigned their divisions and the Colorado Avalanche were put in the new Northwest Division. Despite a slow 2–6–1 start, Colorado finished with a 44–28–10 record for 98 points, won the Northwest Division and finished second in the Western Conference.

Between January 10 and February 7, the Avalanche had their longest winning streak ever with 12 games. Following the Columbine High School massacre, Colorado postponed their first two playoff games to a later date; they would wear patches in honor of the Columbine victims on their jerseys during the playoffs.

After defeating both the San Jose Sharks and the Detroit Red Wings in six games in the first two rounds, Colorado met the Presidents' Trophy-winning Dallas Stars in the Western Conference Finals, where they lost in seven games.

Peter Forsberg, the playoffs leading scorer with 24 points (8 goals and 16 assists) was again elected to the league's first All-Star team and Chris Drury won the Calder Memorial Trophy for the best rookie of the season. Together with Milan Hejduk, they were both were elected for the NHL All-Rookie Team at the end of the season.

It was in the 1999–2000 season that the Colorado Avalanche played their first game in the new Pepsi Center that cost US$160 million. Milan Hejduk scored the first goal of a 2–1 victory against the Boston Bruins on October 13, 1999.

The Avalanche finished the season with a 42–28–11–1 record for 96 points and won the Northwest Division. Before the playoffs, the Avalanche strengthened their defense for a run towards the Stanley Cup.

On March 6, 2000, the Boston Bruins traded future Hockey Hall of Fame defenseman ppRay Bourque]] and forward Dave Andreychuk to Colorado for Brian Rolston, Martin Grenier, Samuel Pahlsson and a first round draft pick.

Bourque (who had been a Bruin since 1979) requested a trade to a contender for a chance to win the Stanley Cup, but just like the year before, Colorado lost in the Conference Finals against the Dallas Stars in a seven games after beating the Phoenix Coyotes and Detroit Red Wings in five games.

The Avalanche's success came amid considerable turmoil in the front office. COMSAT's diversification into sports ownership was proving a drain on the company.

In particular, cost overruns associated with the construction of Pepsi Center had shareholders up in arms. Finally in 1997, COMSAT agreed in principle to sell Ascent to Liberty Media, but Liberty was not interested in sports ownership at the time (though it has since bought Major League Baseball's Atlanta Braves) and made the deal contingent upon Ascent selling the Avalanche and Nuggets.

After almost two years, Ascent sold the Avalanche and Nuggets to Wal-Mart heirs Bill and Nancy Laurie for $400 million. However, a group of Ascent shareholders sued, claiming that the sale price was several million dollars too low. Ascent then agreed to sell the Avalanche and Nuggets to Denver banking tycoon Donald Sturm for $461 million.

However, a new wrinkle appeared when the City of Denver refused to transfer the parcel of land on which Pepsi Center stood unless Sturm promised to keep the Avalanche and Nuggets in Denver for at least 25 years.

Sturm had made his bid in his own name and the City wanted to protect itself in case Sturm either died or sold the teams before the 25 years ran out. While Sturm was willing to make a long-term commitment to the city, he wasn't willing to be held responsible if he died or sold the teams.

After negotiations fell apart, Liberty bought all of Ascent, but kept the Nuggets and Avalanche on the market.

Finally, in July 2000, the Avalanche, Nuggets and Pepsi Center were finally bought by real estate entrepreneur Stan Kroenke in a $450 million deal.Kroenke is the brother-in-law of the Lauries; his wife Ann is Nancy Laurie's sister. Liberty retained only a 6.5% stake of the sports franchises.

As part of the deal, Kroenke placed the teams into a trust that would ensure the teams will stay in Denver until at least 2025. After the deal, Kroenke organized his sports assets under Kroenke Sports Enterprises.

2000–01: Second Stanley Cup

The 2000–01 season was the best season the team has ever had due to phenomenal play by all-time leading scorer in Avalanche history, Joe Sakic.

The Avalanche won the Northwest Division and captured their second Presidents' Trophy after having finished the regular season with 52–16–10–4 for 118 points.

Sakic finished the regular season with 118 points (54 goals and 64 assists), only three behind Jaromir Jagr's 121 points.

On February 4, 2001, the Avalanche hosted the 51st NHL All-Star Game, Patrick Roy, Ray Bourque and Joe Sakic played for the North America team, who won 14–12 against the World team, that featured Milan Hejduk and Peter Forsberg. All but Hejduk were part of the starting lineups.

Before the playoffs, the Avalanche acquired star defenseman Rob Blake and center Steven Reinprecht from the Los Angeles Kings in exchange for Adam Deadmarsh, Aaron Miller and their first round 2001 Draft pick.

In the playoffs, Colorado swept their Western Conference Quarter-finals against the Vancouver Canucks.

In the Western Conference Semi-finals, the Avalanche defeated the Los Angeles Kings in seven games after having wasted a 3–1 lead. After the last game of the series, Peter Forsberg underwent surgery to remove a ruptured spleen and it was announced that he would not play until the following season.

The injury was a huge upset for the team; former NHL goaltender Darren Pang considered it "devastating... to the Colorado Avalanche."

The team would overcome Forsberg's injury; in the Western Conference Finals, Colorado beat the St. Louis Blues 4–1 and progressed to the Stanley Cup Finals, where they faced the defending champion New Jersey Devils.

The Avalanche came back from a 3–2 series deficit and won the series 4–3, marking the second year in a row that defending champions lost in the Finals, as the Devils themselves defeated the Dallas Stars in 2000.

After being handed the Cup from NHL Commissioner Gary Bettman, captain Joe Sakic immediately turned, and gave it to Ray Bourque, capping off Bourque's 22-year career with his only championship.

Sakic was the playoffs' leading scorer with 26 points (13 goals and 13 assists). He won the Hart Memorial Trophy (given to the league's most valuable player during the regular season); the Lady Byng Memorial Trophy (awarded to the player that has shown the best sportsmanship and gentlemanly conduct combined with performance in play); the Lester B. Pearson Award; and shared the NHL Plus/Minus Award with Patrik Elias of the Devils. Patrick Roy won the Conn Smythe Trophy as the MVP of the playoffs.

Shjon Podein was awarded the King Clancy Memorial Trophy for significant humanitarian contributions to his community, namely his work on charitable organizations and his own children foundation.

Ray Bourque and Joe Sakic were elected to the league's first All-Star team. Rob Blake was elected to the second All-Star team.

2001–2004: Stanley Cup Drought

In the 2001–02 season, the team finished the regular season with 99 points from a 45–28–8–1 record and won the Northwest Division. Colorado had the league's lowest goals conceded: 169, an average of 2.06 per game. The NHL season was interrupted once again for the 2002 Winter Olympics, in Salt Lake City, Utah.

The Avalanche had nine players representing six countries. Canada won the ice hockey tournament and Rob Blake, Adam Foote and Joe Sakic won gold medals. American Chris Drury got a silver medal. With the win, Blake and Sakic became members of the Triple Gold Club.

The Avalanche advanced through the first two rounds of the playoffs winning 4–3 against the Los Angeles Kings and 4–3 against the San Jose Sharks.

Patrick Roy had a shutout on the decisive game of each series.

The Avalanche made the Western Conference Finals for the fourth consecutive season (and sixth overall in the last seven seasons), meeting the Detroit Red Wings in the playoffs for the fifth time in seven years.

Colorado had a 3–2 lead after five games, but lost Game 6 at home 2–0 and then the Red Wings won the deciding game at Detroit, 7–0.

As in 1997, Detroit went on to win the Stanley Cup. Peter Forsberg was the playoffs scoring leader with 27 points (9 goals, 18 assists).

Patrick Roy won the William M. Jennings Trophy (given to the goaltenders of the team with fewest goals scored against). Roy was elected for the league's first All-Star team, together with Joe Sakic. Rob Blake was elected for the second All-Star team.

The following season, 2002–03, saw the Avalanche claim the NHL record for most consecutive division titles (9), breaking the Montreal Canadiens streak of eight) won between 1974–82. The division title came after a bad start by the team (which led to the exit of head coach Bob Hartley) in December.

General Manager Pierre Lacroix promoted assistant coach Tony Granato, who had only three months of coaching experience as an assistant, to the head coach position.

The team's playoff spot seemed in doubt at one point, but the Avalanche managed to finish with 105 points, ahead of the Vancouver Canucks by one. The race to the title was exciting, namely the second-to-last game of the season, as the Avalanche needed to win the game to stay in the race, and Milan Hejduk scored with 10 seconds left in overtime to beat Anaheim.

The title was guaranteed in the final day of the regular season, when the Avalanche beat the St. Louis Blues 5–2 and the Vancouver Canucks lost against the Los Angeles Kings 2–0.

In the Western Conference Quarter-finals, the Avalanche blew a 3–1 series lead over the Minnesota Wild, and lost in overtime in Game 7.

Peter Forsberg won the Art Ross Trophy for the leading scorer of the regular season, which he finished with 106 points (29 goals, 77 assists). Forsberg also won the Hart Memorial Trophy for the regular season's most valuable player and shared the NHL Plus/Minus Award with teammate Milan Hejduk.

Hejduk scored 50 goals to win the Maurice "Rocket" Richard Trophy, awarded annually to the leading goal scorer in the NHL. Forsberg was elected to the league's first All-Star team. Hejduk was elected to the second All-Star team.

After that season, Patrick Roy retired and the Avalanche signed star wingers Paul Kariya from the Mighty Ducks of Anaheim and Teemu Selanne from the San Jose Sharks.

Both failed to live up to the expectations; Kariya spent most of the 2003–04 season injured and Selanne scored only 32 points (16 goals and 16 assists) in 78 games. There were doubts if goalie David Aebischer could perform at the top level the team was used to while having Roy.

Having "nine elite players," "the most talented top six forwards on one team since the days of the Edmonton Oilers" was not good enough as the franchise failed to win the Northwest Division title, ending the NHL record streak. The 40–22–13–7 record was good enough for 100 points, one less than the Northwest Division champion Vancouver Canucks. This ended a streak of nine consecutive division titles dating to the team's last year in Quebec, the most in NHL history.

During a game against the Canucks on March 8, 2004, Canucks player Todd Bertuzzi punched Colorado's Steve Moore from behind, leaving Moore unconscious.

It was said to be retaliation for a hit Moore had delivered to Canucks captain Markus Naslund the month before. Because of the punch and the consequent fall on the ice with Bertuzzi on top of him, and numerous other players from both teams piling on top, Moore sustained three fractured neck vertebrae (among other injuries) that ended his career. Bertuzzi was suspended from professional hockey for 17 months as a result of suspensions.

In Denver, ever since the Moore hit, it has become tradition for the home fans to boo Todd Bertuzzi every time he gains possession of the puck, whenever his team faces the Avalanche at Pepsi Center.

In the playoffs, Colorado won the Western Conference Quarter-finals against the Dallas Stars in five games, but lost in the Western Conference Semi-finals against the San Jose Sharks in a six games.

Joe Sakic became the only Avalanche player ever to be chosen as the All-Star Game Most Valuable Player during the 2004 NHL All-Star Game, when he scored a hat-trick. Sakic was elected for the league's first All-Star team at the end of the season and won the NHL/Sheraton Road Performer Award.

After the end of the season, on July 2004, Joel Quenneville was hired for the position of head coach, replacing Tony Granato, who became his assistant.[44]

The 2004–05 NHL season was canceled because of an unresolved lockout. During the lockout, many Avalanche players played in European leagues.

David Aebischer returned home with Alex Tanguay to play for Swiss club HC Lugano; Milan Hejduk and Peter Forsberg returned to their former teams in their native countries, HC Pardubice and Modo Hockey.

Nine other players from the Avalanche 2003–04 roster played in Europe during the lockout.

2005–2009: New Beginnings'

After the 2004–05 NHL lockout and the implementation of a salary cap, the Avalanche were forced to release some of their top players.

Peter Forsberg and Adam Foote were lost to free agency to save room in the cap for Joe Sakic and Rob Blake.

Although the salary cap was a blow to one of the highest spenders of the league, the Colorado Avalanche finished the 2005–06 regular season with a 43–30–9 record for 95 points, good enough to finish second in the Northwest Division, seven behind the Calgary Flames and tied with the Edmonton Oilers.

The season paused in February for the 2006 Winter Olympics in Turin, Italy. The Avalanche sent an NHL leading 11 players from eight countries. Finnish Antti Laaksonen earned the silver medal while Ossi Vaananen ended up not playing because of an injury; Czech Milan Hejduk won a bronze medal.

In the Western Conference Quarter-finals, Colorado beat the team with the second-best record in the Western Conference, the Dallas Stars, in five games.

In the Conference Semi-finals, the Avalanche were swept for the first time ever, coming at the hands of the Mighty Ducks of Anaheim.

The day after the loss, Pierre Lacroix (who had been the general manager of the franchise since 1994 when they were in Quebec) resigned and Francois Giguere was then hired as his replacement.

Lacroix remained president of the franchise until Spring of 2013, when the team owner's son, Josh Kroenke, took over as team president and governor. Pierre Lacroix remains an advisor to the team.

By the beginning of the 2006–07 season, Joe Sakic and Milan Hejduk were the only two remaining members from the 2000–01 Stanley Cup-winning squad. Sakic was the only player left from the team's days in Quebec, though Hejduk was drafted by the Nordiques.

Paul Stastny, son of Nordiques legend Peter Stastny, also provided a link to the franchise's past.

Before the previous season's playoffs, in a move reminiscent of Patrick Roy's trade, the Avalanche traded goalie David Aebischer to the Montreal Canadiens for the Vezina Trophy-winning Jose Theodore, but the move would not turn out to be as successful.

Theodore posted a 13–15–1 record in 2006–07, with an .891 save percentage and 3.26 goals against average (GAA), with his US$6 million salary becoming a heavy burden for the Avalanche in the salary cap era.

The Avalanche missed the playoffs for the first time since the 1993–94 season when they were still in Quebec. The team had a 15–2–2 run in the last 19 games of the season to keep their playoffs hopes alive until the penultimate day of the season.

A 4–2 loss against the Nashville Predators on April 7, 2006, with former Av Peter Forsberg assisting the game-winning goal scored by another former Av, Paul Kariya, knocked Colorado out of the playoff race.

As consolation, the team won the last game of the season against the Calgary Flames the following day and finished fourth in the Northwest Division and ninth in the Western Conference with a 44–31–7 record for 95 points, one less than eighth-seeded Calgary.

Nonetheless, the result was greater than expected by hockey pundits; Sports Illustrated previewed before the start of the season that the Avalanche would finish 13th in the Western Conference.

During that last game of the season, Joe Sakic scored a goal and two assists and became the second-oldest player in NHL history to reach 100 points, behind only Gordie Howe, who had 103 points at age 40 in the 1968–69 season.

During the season, Paul Stastny set an NHL record for longest point streak by a rookie, with 20 games which was three more than the previous record (held by Teemu Selanne and Karlis Skrastins) set a new NHL record for the longest game streak by a defenseman with 495 games.

Until the Avalanche's 2006–07 season, no team in the history of the NHL had ever made it to 95 points without earning a spot in the playoffs.

In the Eastern Conference, three teams progressed to the playoffs with fewer than 95 points: the New York Rangers (94), the Tampa Bay Lightning (93) and the New York Islanders (92).

For the 2007–08 season, the Avalanche signed two free agents: defenseman Scott Hannan and left winger Ryan Smyth. These acquisitions filled the team's needs and were expected to help make an impact in the playoffs.

With a 9–5 victory over the St. Louis Blues on December 9, 2007, the Avalanche earned their 1,000th franchise victory. On February 25, 2008, unrestricted free agent Peter Forsberg signed with the Avalanche for the remainder of the 2007–08 season.

A day later, at the trade deadline, they re-acquired popular defenseman Adam Foote from the Columbus Blue Jackets as well as Ruslan Salei from the Florida Panthers.

In the Western Conference Quarter-finals, Colorado beat the Minnesota Wild in six games In the Western Conference Semi-finals, however, the Avalanche were swept by the eventual Stanley Cup champion Detroit Red Wings.

On May 9, 2008, the Colorado Avalanche Organization announced that Joel Quenneville would not return to coach the team next season. Two weeks later, Tony Granato was named head coach of the Avalanche for the second time.

The 2008–09 season was the worst season the Avalanche had since moving to Denver. Posting a record of 32–45–5, finishing 15th in the Western Conference (28th overall) and recording the fewest amount of points since their days in Quebec during the 1979–80 season.

The Avalanche missed the post-season for the second time in three seasons. It would be the first time in Avalanche history the team's top scorer would score less than 70 points on the season, as Milan Hejduk and Ryan Smyth would register only 59 points each.

Captain Joe Sakic played a career low 15 games, notching just two goals and ten assists. The team's 199 goals was a league low.

On April 13, 2009, just one day after the end of the season, the Avalanche relieved Francois Giguere of his general manager duties.

Colorado would go on to receive the highest draft pick in Avalanche history, third overall. That pick turned out to be Brampton Battalion star Matt Duchene.

2009–2013: Rebuilding

In the 2009 off-season, the Avalanche named Greg Sherman the new general manager and Joe Sacco the new head coach.

The following month, top scorer Ryan Smyth was traded to the Los Angeles Kings and Joe Sakic, the only team captain the Avs had ever known, retired after 21 seasons in the NHL. The Avs named Adam Foote team captain to replace him. Sakic's jersey retirement ceremony took place on October 1, 2009, before the season opener at home against the San Jose Sharks in front of a sold out crowd where the Avalanche won 5–2.

The Avalanche started the season off strong until the Olympic break. Three Avs played in Vancouver: Paul Stastny for the United States, Ruslan Salei for Belarus and Peter Budaj for Slovakia.

Following the Winter Olympics, the Avs struggled but eventually clinched a playoff spot with 95 points on the season, a 26-point improvement from the previous year's effort, and good enough for eighth place in the Western Conference.

The Avalanche fell in the Western Conference Quarter-finals to the top-seeded San Jose Sharks in six games.

The 2010 off-season proved limited activity on the Avs' part. Stan Kroenke bought full ownership in the St. Louis Rams of the NFL in 2010.

Since the NFL does not allow its owners to hold majority control of major-league teams in other NFL cities, Kroenke turned over day-to-day control of the Denver Nuggets and Avalanche to his son Josh toward the end of 2010, and must sell his controlling interest in both teams by 2014.

After an impressive underdog triumph in making the playoffs in 2010, and Joe Sacco finishing third in Jack Adams Trophy voting, the Avs failed to qualify for the playoffs in 2011.

Earning only 68 points in the standings, setting a franchise record for losing and winless streaks after the All-Star break, the Avalanche have seen their worst season yet since moving to Denver. One point less than their previous worst season in 2008–09.

They finished 29th in the 30-team NHL, besting only their division mates, the Edmonton Oilers.

Matt Duchene set a franchise record as the youngest scoring leader in Quebec/Colorado history with 67 points, sharing the club goals-leader title with David Jones, each with 27 tallies.

Former Avs great Peter Forsberg attempted a comeback in the NHL with Colorado mid-season. After two games, zero points and compiling a plus-minus rating of –4, however, Forsberg announced his retirement from professional hockey. Captain Adam Foote also retired after the final game of the season.

In the off-season, Colorado had two first-round picks.

Present at the draft, former Avalanche great Joe Sakic served his first duties as new alternate governor and adviser of hockey operations of the club. With their first pick, second overall, they selected Gabriel Landeskog, the young captain of the Kitchener Rangers.

Second, they selected defenseman Duncan Siemens 11th overall, a pick acquired from the St. Louis Blues in the controversial trade that sent power-forward Chris Stewart, long time top prospect Kevin Shattenkirk and a second round pick to the Blues in exchange for their first round pick, veteran Jay McClement and 2006 former first overall pick, Erik Johnson.

A complete overhaul at the goal tending position sent Peter Budaj to the Montreal Canadiens and Brian Elliott to St. Louis, Elliott having been acquired from the Ottawa Senators for Craig Anderson during the team's downward spiral the season previous.

Goalie Semyon Varlamov was dealt to Colorado from the Washington Capitals for a first and second pick, while veteran netminder and former Conn Smythe Trophy winner Jean-Sebastien Giguere was signed as a free agent in hopes to mentor the young Varlamov.

Duncan Siemens was sent back to his major junior team, the Saskatoon Blades in camp, while Gabriel Landeskog made the opening night roster against the Detroit Red Wings on October 8, 2011, at Pepsi Center.

Adam Deadmarsh was promoted from video/developmental coach to offensive assistant coach after Steve Konowalchuk accepted a job as head coach in the minor league.

Peter Forsberg's number 21 became the fourth jersey number retired by the Avs on opening night, a contest Colorado would lose to Detroit 3–0.

Colorado redeemed themselves in game two of the season on October 10, 2011, against the 2011 Stanley Cup champion Boston Bruins. Varlamov negated all 30 shots registered by Boston and posted the fifth shutout of his career and first win as an Avalanche in the regular season.

Milan Hejduk scored the game-winning goal and first goal of the season for the club in a 1–0 victory over the defending champions.

In April 2012, The Avs were eliminated from playoff contention and finished 11th place in the Western Conference. Despite a 20-point improvement from last season's efforts, the team failed to reach the playoffs for the second straight year, the first time the Colorado club would do so in their 17 years playing in Denver.

Head coach Joe Sacco signed a two-year contract extension shortly after the end of the season.

Stand out rookie Gabriel Landeskog overtook Matt Duchene as the youngest in franchise history to lead the team in goals, scoring 22 in 82 games.

Having resigned most of their free agents, the club wouldn't see much change in the 2012 off-season, with the exception of losing unrestricted free agents Peter Mueller, Jay McClement and Kevin Porter. Colorado would add Greg Zanon, John Mitchell and high scoring winger P.A. Parenteau to its roster.

Gabriel Landeskog (the Avs' lone representative at the 2012 NHL Awards) walked away with the Calder Memorial Trophy, joining Chris Drury, Peter Forsberg and Peter Stastny for earning top rookie honors for the Avalanche.

On September 4, 2012, Gabriel Landeskog was named the fourth captain of the Avalanche. Former captain Milan Hejduk relinquished his captaincy a week earlier.

At 19 years and 286 days old, Landeskog is the youngest captain in NHL history, being 11 days younger than when Sidney Crosby was named captain of the Pittsburgh Penguins at 19 years and 297 days.

2013–2016: The Return of Patrick Roy

After a disappointing 2012–13 season which saw the Colorado Avalanche finish 15th in the Western Conference and 29th overall in the League, it was announced on April 28, 2013, that Head Coach Joe Sacco had been relieved of his duties.

On May 10, 2013, it was announced that former long-time Avalanche captain and Hockey Hall of Famer Joe Sakic is set to take on an expanded role in Avalanche management, being named executive vice president of hockey operations, overseeing all matters involving hockey personnel.

It was also announced that Josh Kroenke (the son of owner Stan Kroenke) is now president of the Avalanche, succeeding Pierre Lacroix.

On May 23, 2013, Patrick Roy returned to the Avalanche as head coach and vice president of hockey operations.

Although Sherman retained his role as general manager, he was largely reduced to an advisory role. Roy and Sakic now share most of the duties held by a general manager on most other NHL teams, though Sakic has the final say on hockey matters.

Under Roy in the 2013–14 season, the Avs returned to the playoffs, finishing first in the Central Division and second in the Western Conference, but would lose a seven-game series to the Minnesota Wild in the Western Conference Quarterfinals. Nonetheless, for his outstanding job as a first-year coach, Roy won the Jack Adams Award for the League's top coaching honors.

Just prior to the start of the 2014–15 season, Sakic was given the title of general manager while Sherman was demoted to assistant general manager, thus formalizing the de facto arrangement that had been in place since 2013.

Despite the front office changes, the Avalanche failed to qualify for the 2015 playoffs after finishing with a record of 39–31–12, resulting in a seventh-place finish in the Central Division.

After failing to qualify for the playoffs again following the 2015–16 season, on August 11, 2016, Roy resigned from his head coaching and vice president of hockey operations positions with the team.


Following the departure of Roy, the Avalanche hired Jared Bednar from the Calder Cup champions, the Lake Erie Monsters of the American Hockey League as head coach.

On December 10, 2016, the Avalanche allowed 10 goals in a 10–1 loss to the Canadiens.

The Avalanche closed out their season with a record of 22–56–4, resulting in a franchise-low 48 points and a last-place finish in the league. The finish is the worst record in the NHL since the 1999–2000 Atlanta Thrashers.

Attendance Sell-Out Streak[]

The Colorado Avalanche have the all-time NHL record for the longest consecutive attendance sell outs at home games with 487.

The streak began on November 9, 1995, on the Avalanche's eighth regular season home game during the 1995–96 season with an attendance of 16,061 at the McNichols Sports Arena versus the Dallas Stars.

Almost 11 years later, it ended on October 16, 2006 after a reported attendance of 17,681 (which is 326 under the capacity at Pepsi Center) before a game against the Chicago Blackhawks.

The Avalanche recorded their 500th home sellout in their 515th game in Denver on January 20, 2007 against the Detroit Red Wings.

Avalanche-Detroit Red Wings Rivalry[]

In 1996, the Colorado Avalanche met the Detroit Red Wings in the Western Conference Finals and upset the Red Wings 4–2.

During Game 6, Red Wings player Kris Draper was checked into the boards face-first by Avalanche player Claude Lemieux. As a result, Draper had to undergo facial reconstructive surgery & had to have his jaw wired shut for five weeks.

The incident marked the beginning of a rivalry often considered one of the most intense in NHL history by the press and fans.

In the following season (in the last regular season meeting between the Avalanche and the Red Wings) on March 26, 1997, a brawl known as "the Brawl in Hockeytown" broke out.

The game ended with nine fights, 11 goals, 39 penalties, 148 penalty minutes, one hat-trick (by Valeri Kamensky) and a goalie fight between Stanley Cup champion goalies Patrick Roy & Mike Vernon.

Claude Lemieux was one of the players singled out by the Red Wings players. The Red Wings ended up winning the game in overtime 6–5.

The teams met again in the Western Conference Finals that season, with the Red Wings emerging victorious and going on to win the Stanley Cup.

The rivalry between the Avalanche and the Red Wings was most intense from 1996 to 2002. During those seven seasons the two teams played five postseason series against each other in the Stanley Cup playoffs, with the Avalanche winning three of the series (1995–96, 4–2; 1998–99, 4–2; 1999–2000, 4–1) and the Red Wings winning two of them (1996–97, 4–2; 2001–02, 4–3).

During this time frame, these two teams combined for a total of five Stanley Cup championships in seven years, the Avalanche winning twice (1995–96 and 2000–01) and the Red Wings winning three times (1996–97, 1997–98 and 2001–02).

After 2002, the rivalry between the two teams began to cool down, and the two teams would not meet again in the playoffs until 2008, when the Red Wings swept the Avalanche in the Western Conference Semi-finals and went on to win the Stanley Cup.

The Red Wings moved to the Eastern Conference in 2013–14 season as part of the realignment which makes the two rivals only see each other twice a year.

Season-by-Season Record[]

Season GP W L OTL Pts GF GA Finish Playoffs
2012–13 48 16 25 7 39 116 152 5th, Northwest Did not qualify
2013–14 82 52 22 8 112 250 220 1st, Central Lost in First Round, 3–4 (Wild)
2014–15 82 39 31 12 90 219 227 7th, Central Did not qualify
2015–16 82 39 39 4 82 216 240 6th, Central Did not qualify
2016–17 82 22 56 4 48 166 278 7th, Central Did not qualify
2017-18 82 43 30 9 95 255 236 4th, Central Lost in First Round, 2-4 (Predators)
2018–19 82 38 30 14 90 258 244 5th, Central Lost in Second Round, 3-4 (Sharks)
2019–20 70 42 20 8 92 236 190 2nd, Central Lost in Second Round, 3-4 (Stars)

Team Colors & Jerseys[]


The Colorado Avalanche logo is composed by a burgundy letter A with snow wrapped around (similar to an avalanche) in the shape of the letter C. There is a hockey puck in the lower–right end of the snow and a blue oval on the background.

The team's original alternate logo was the foot of a Sasquatch/Bigfoot and was seen on the shoulders of the Avalanche's home and away jerseys.

The logo was used on their jerseys since 1995; however, prior to the start of the 2015 NHL Entry Draft, the club unveiled a new alternate logo.

The new logo features the insignia taken from the Colorado state flag and re-colored to match the team's color scheme. The logo will be featured on a patch located on the shoulders of the team's uniforms (along with a 20th anniversary logo) for the 2015–16 season.


The team colors are burgundy, steel blue, black, silver and white. For the 2007–08 season, the NHL introduced the new-look Rbk EDGE jerseys.

On September 12, 2007, the Avalanche debuted their new version of the Rbk EDGE jerseys at an Avalanche press conference. The design is similar to the previous jerseys, with some added piping.

The road jersey from 1995 to 2003, which became the team's home jersey in 2003 when the NHL decided to switch home and road jerseys is predominantly burgundy and dark blue in color. Along the jersey, there are two black and white zigzag lines, one in the shoulders, the other near the belly.

Between them, the jersey is burgundy, outside those lines it is dark blue. Similar lines exist around the neck.

The Avalanche logo is in the center of the jersey. On top of the shoulders, there is the alternate logo, one on each side. The away jersey is similar but with different colors. The burgundy part on the home jersey is white on the away jersey, the light blue part is burgundy and the black and white lines became gray and blue.

The Avalanche introduced a third jersey during the 2001–02 season.

It is predominantly burgundy. "Colorado" is spelled in a diagonal across the jersey where the logo is on the other jerseys. From the belly down, three large horizontal stripes, the first and the last being black and the middle one being white.

In the middle of the arms, there are five stripes, black, white and burgundy from the outside inside in both sides. On the shoulders is the primary "A" logo. The third jersey was not worn by the Avalanche for the 2007–08 or the 2008–09 seasons after the NHL switched to the Reebok Edge jerseys.

In the 2009-10 season, the Avalanche introduced a new third jersey that was worn for the first time during the November 14, 2009 home game against the Vancouver Canucks.

It is similar to the club's previous third jersey, but is primarily blue instead of burgundy and features burgundy patches on the shoulders with the "A" logo inside. It also does not have horizontal striping on the bottom.

On the arms, there are five stripes, burgundy, white and black from the outside inside in both sides. They are closer to the elbows than the stripes on the previous third jerseys.

Prior to the 2015–16 season, the Avalanche modified their existing uniform set by replacing the yeti foot shoulder logo in favor of the burgundy and navy 'C' logo.

A new third jersey was also unveiled, featuring navy as the dominant color, and a recolored version of the Rockies logo in front.



From To
Joe Sakic 1995 2009
Adam Foote 2009 2011
Milan Hejduk 2011 2012
Gabriel Landeskog 2012 present

Head Coaches[]

Note: This list does not include head coaches from the Quebec Nordiques (WHA & NHL).

From To Regular Season Playoffs
Marc Crawford 1995 1998 246 135 75 36 .622 46 29 17 .630
Bob Hartley 1998 2002 359 193 108 48 10 .618 80 49 31 .613
Tony Granato 2002 2004 133 72 33 17 11 .647 18 9 9 .500
Joel Quenneville 2005 2008 246 131 92 10 13 .579 19 8 11 .421
Tony Granato 2008 2009 82 32 45 1 4 .420
Joe Sacco 2009 2013 294 130 134 20 10 .493 6 2 4 .333
Patrick Roy 2013 2016 246 130 92 16 8 .577 7 3 4 .428
Jared Bednar 2016 present 246 103 116 2 2 .474 18 9 9 .500

General Managers[]

Note: This list does not include general managers from the Quebec Nordiques (WHA & NHL).

From To
Pierre Lacroix 1995 2006
Francois Giguere 2006 2009
Greg Sherman 2009 2014
Joe Sakic 2014 present

Retired Numbers[]

In addition to those below, the NHL retired 99 in honour of Wayne Gretzky in February 2000.

Colorado Avalanche retired numbers
No. Player Position Career No. retirement
19 Joe Sakic 1 C 1995–2009 October 1, 2009
21 Peter Forsberg C 1995–2004, 2008, 2011 October 8, 2011
33 Patrick Roy G 1995–2003 October 28, 2003
52 Adam Foote D 1995–2004, 2008–2011 November 2, 2013
77 Ray Bourque D 2000–2001 November 24, 2001

Hall of Famers[]

  • Ray Bourque, D, 1999–2001, inducted 2004
  • Peter Forsberg, C, 1995–2004, 2008 and 2011, inducted 2014
  • Patrick Roy, G, 1995–2003, inducted 2006
  • Joe Sakic, C, 1988–2009, inducted 2012
  • Rob Blake, D, 2000–2006, inducted 2014
  • Bryan Trottier, C, inducted 1997 (assistant coach from 1997 to 2001)
  • Jari Kurri, RW, 1997–1998, inducted 2001


Regular season[]


  • Most goals in a playoff season: Joe Sakic, 18 (1996)
  • Most assists in a playoff season: Peter Forsberg, 18 (2002)
  • Most points in a playoff season: Joe Sakic, 34 (1996)
  • Most penalty minutes in a playoff season: Adam Foote, 62 (1997)
  • Most overtime game-winning goals in playoff career: Joe Sakic, 8
  • Best +/- record in playoff career: Peter Forsberg, 54


  • Most consecutive division titles: 9 (1994–952002–03)
  • Most points in a season: 118 (2000–01)
  • Most wins in a season: 52 (2000–01 and 2013–14)
  • Most goals: 326 (1995–96)
  • Largest margin of victory: 10 (December 5, 1995 vs San Jose (12–2))
  • Longest consecutive attendance sellout: 487 (1995–2006)
  • Most points without making Stanley Cup playoffs: 95 (2006–07)

Franchise scoring leaders[]

These are the top-ten point-scorers in franchise (Quebec and Colorado) history.

Player Pos GP G A Pts P/G
Joe Sakic C 1,378 625 1016 1,641 1.19
Peter Stastny C 737 380 668 1,048 1.42
Michel Goulet LW 813 456 489 945 1.16
Milan Hejduk RW 1,020 375 430 805 0.78
Peter Forsberg C 591 217 538 755 1.27
Anton Stastny LW 650 252 384 636 0.98
Alex Tanguay LW 598 167 321 488 0.81
Dale Hunter C 523 140 318 464 0.88
Paul Stastny C 538 160 298 458 0.85
Matt Duchene* C 572 174 244 418 0.73
Player Pos G
Joe Sakic C 625
Michel Goulet LW 456
Peter Stastny C 380
Milan Hejduk RW 375
Anton Stastny LW 252
Peter Forsberg C 217
Matt Duchene* C 174
Alex Tanguay LW 167
Valeri Kamensky LW 166
Paul Stastny C 160
Player Pos A
Joe Sakic C 1,016
Peter Stastny C 668
Peter Forsberg C 538
Michel Goulet LW 489
Milan Hejduk RW 430
Anton Stastny LW 384
Alex Tanguay LW 321
Dale Hunter C 318
Paul Stastny C 298
Valeri Kamensky LW 248