The Maple LeafsRed Wings rivalry is a National Hockey League (NHL) rivalry between the Toronto Maple Leafs and Detroit Red Wings. The rivalry is largely bolstered because of the proximity between the two teams, with Toronto and Detroit approximately 330 kilometers (210 mi) apart, connected by Ontario Highway 401, and a number of shared fans in between the two cities (particularly in markets such as Windsor, Ontario). The teams both compete in the Atlantic Division and with current NHL scheduling, they meet four to five times per season.

Both teams are Original Six teams, with their first game played in Detroit's inaugural season in 1927. From 1929-1993, the two teams met each other in the 16 playoff series, and faced each other in 7 Stanley Cup Finals. Meeting each other a combined 23 times in the postseason, the two teams has played each other in more postseason series than any other two teams in NHL history with the exception of the Boston Bruins and Montreal Canadiens which have played a total 34 postseason series.

Maple LeafsRed Wings rivalry
Toronto Maple Leafs Detroit Red Wings
First meeting January 4, 1927
Latest meeting April 1, 2017
Meetings total 776
All-time series 343–335–93–6 (TOR)
Regular season series 285–277–93–6 (TOR)
Postseason results 59–58 (DET)
Current win streak TOR: W2
Post-season history
1929 Quarterfinals: Maple Leafs, 2–0

1934 Semifinals: Red Wings, 3–2

1936 Stanley Cup Finals: Red Wings, 3–1

1939 Semifinals: Maple Leafs, 2–1

1940 Semifinals: Maple Leafs, 2–0

1942 Stanley Cup Finals: Maple Leafs, 4–3

1943 Semifinals: Red Wings, 4–2

1945 Stanley Cup Finals: Maple Leafs, 4–3

1947 Semifinals: Maple Leafs, 4–1

1948 Stanley Cup Finals: Maple Leafs, 4–0

1949 Stanley Cup Finals: Maple Leafs, 4–0

1950 Semifinals: Red Wings, 4–3

1952 Semifinals: Red Wings, 4–0

1954 Semifinals: Red Wings, 4–1

1955 Semifinals: Red Wings, 4–0

1956 Semifinals: Red Wings, 4–1

1960 Semifinals: Maple Leafs, 4–2

1961 Semifinals: Red Wings, 4–1

1963 Stanley Cup Finals: Maple Leafs, 4–1

1964 Stanley Cup Finals: Maple Leafs, 4–3

1987 Norris Division Finals: Red Wings, 4–3

1988 Norris Division Semifinals: Red Wings, 4–2

1993 Norris Division Semifinals: Maple Leafs, 4–3

Foundation: 1927–42 Edit

The series began on January 4, 1927, when the Toronto St. Patricks (renamed Maple Leafs the next month) met the Detroit Cougars (renamed Red Wings in 1932) for the first time. In the match-up, Toronto earned a 2–1 victory against the Cougars at Border Cities Arena (the Cougars played in Windsor, Ontario for the 1926–27 NHL season, while the Olympia Stadium was under construction). Detroit played their first Stanley Cup playoff series against Toronto following the 1928–29 NHL season. The Maple Leafs won the series 2-0.

The first time Detroit scored in double digits was against Toronto, in a 10–1 rout at Olympia Stadium on December 25, 1930. The Maple Leafs recorded their own franchise record shutout on January 2, 1971, when Toronto shut out Detroit 13-0 at Maple Leaf Gardens. Both games would be the largest goal differential each team recorded on each other.

Detroit won their first Stanley Cup in 1936, after defeating Toronto at Maple Leaf Gardens. However, Toronto won the next 6 Cup Finals played between the two teams. The 1936 Stanley Cup victory coincided with several other recent accomplishments for the city of Detroit, including the rise of Joe Louis in the professional boxing world, the Detroit Tigers winning their first World Series in 1935, and the Detroit Lions winning their first NFL championship in 1935, Following the Red Wings' Stanley Cup victory on April 11, 1936, April 18, 1936 was declared Champions Day by the state Governor, Frank Fitzgerald, in order to commemorate sporting victories and accomplishments by Detroit natives and teams in the early 1930s.

1940 Stanley Cup playoff brawl Edit

The 1940 Stanley Cup semifinals between Toronto and Detroit was especially notable with the second game devolving into a brawl. The tone of the game was set early when Maple Leafs' defenceman, Rudolph Kampman, injured Red Wings' forward Cecil Dillon who became unable to play the rest of the night. In the second period, Maple Leafs' Red Horner and Red Wings' Alex Motter fought on the ice and continued to do so in the penalty box with local police called in to break it up.[5] Later in the same frame, Red Wings' Don Grosso lifted Maple Leafs' Hank Goldup over the boards, dropping him on the cement floor. Goldup had to be assisted off the ice.[5]

Near the end of the third period, Sid Abel scored for the Red Wings to narrow the Maple Leafs' lead to 3–1. However, a melee erupted when Abel and Maple Leafs' Gus Marker engaged one another. Within an instant, every player on the ice engaged an opponent in a fight, with players from both benches going over the boards to join them.[5] The brawl lasted for more than 10 minutes with the last two engaged players being Jimmy Orlando and Horner. When peace was restored, the referee assessed majors and misconducts to Gus Marker and Abel, a major to Orlando, and a misconduct to Horner, who left the penalty box to join the altercation.[5] At the games conclusion, Red Wings' coach Jack Adams had his own altercation. As the Red Wings headed towards their own dressing room, a fan attempted to assault Adams before he punched the fan himself.[5]

Original Six era: 1942–67 Edit

The rivalry between the Maple Leafs and Red Wings was at its height during the Original Six-era (1942–67), with the majority of Maple Leafs and Red Wings postseason meetings occurring in this period. The Maple Leafs and Red Wings met in the postseason seven times during the 1940s, with the Maple Leafs winning six out of the seven series played. The Maple Leafs and Red Wings also met in five Stanley Cup semifinals during the 1950s; the Red Wings beat the Maple Leafs in all five meetings. Within those 25 years, the Maple Leafs and Red Wings played a total of 15 postseason series including six Cup Finals; the Maple Leafs beat the Red Wings in all six Cup Finals.

1942 Stanley Cup Finals Edit

The series intensified in the 1942 Stanley Cup Finals. After losing the first 3 games, Toronto won the next 4 to win the series 4–3, winning their fourth Stanley Cup. It was the first Cup Final in history to go 7 games, and the only time in North American sports that a team won a best-of-7 championship series, after losing the first 3 games. There were several tense moments throughout the series.

In game 4, held in Detroit, Toronto staved off elimination with a 4–3 victory. The game ended in a near-riot when in the final minute, Red Wings' Eddie Wares drew a misconduct penalty and then a $50 fine for arguing and refusing to leave the ice. Referee Mel Harwood dropped the puck for the faceoff while Wares was still on the ice and he promptly called a too-many-men penalty on Don Grosso. Grosso threw down his stick and gloves and was fined $25 by Harwood. At the end of the game, Red Wings' coach Jack Adams attacked Harwood, punching him in the face following a profanity-laced outburst.[6]The fans booed the officiating, littering the ice with paper, peanuts, and even a woman's shoe.[7] NHL president Frank Calder and referee Harwood were escorted out of the rink under police protection. Calder immediately suspended Adams indefinitely and imposed $100 fines on Grosso and Wares.

Game seven of the series was the first time a crowd of over 16,000 attended a hockey game in Canada. 16,218 fans squeezed into Maple Leaf Gardens and remained an hour after the game waiting for the Leafs to reappear from the dressing room.[9] Coach Hap Day, who played for the Leafs in their last Stanley Cup win in 1932, deadpanned "We won it the hard way." He was asked if he had any doubts during the series, and replied "I had my doubts right up until that final bell rang."[10] Rookie Gaye Stewart, who joined the club for the fifth game of the final, became the youngest player to win the Stanley Cup as he was still 18 years of age.

1945 Stanley Cup Finals Edit

Toronto and Detroit met in their third Cup Finals series in 1945. This series was the first Cup Final in NHL history where both teams started rookie goaltenders. In the first 3 games, Maple Leafs goaltender, Frank McCool did not allow Detroit to score a single goal. This was the first time one team shut out the other for the first 3 games in Stanley Cup Finals history. In addition, the Maple Leafs now stood one win away from sweeping the Red Wings, as the Red Wings' Mud Bruneteau noted after game three. However, the series played out similarly to the last time the two teams met in the Finals, in 1942, when the Maple Leafs, down 0–3 forced a seventh game, this time with Detroit winning the next three games to force a seventh game.

In game 4, Toronto had a chance to win the Cup at home, but Detroit got on the board for the first time in the series when Flash Hollett opened the scoring 8:35 into the game, ending McCool's shutout streak at 193:09 (dating back to the semifinals against Montreal). Four other Red Wings players, including rookie Ted Lindsay (who scored what transpired to be the game-winner at 3:20 of the third period), scored to overcome Ted Kennedy's hat trick. Games 5 and 6 were Harry Lumley's time to shine, shutting out the Leafs, including an overtime shutout in game 6, and extending the Finals. The series returned to Detroit for a seventh game, with Detroit hoping to avenge their "choking" against Toronto in 1942.

Maple Leafs' coach Hap Day almost had to eat his words of a few years back when he said of the Leafs' 1942 comeback from being down 3–0 in games, "There will never be another experience like this." Babe Pratt, however, scored the winning goal in a 2–1 victory that saved the Maple Leafs from being victim of another comeback win by the Red Wings. Lumley left the ice almost immediately after the end of the game, but a Detroit Olympia crowd chant of "We want Lumley!" brought him back. This is the first time in the history of game sevens of the Stanley Cup Finals that the home team did not win. The home team did not lose a game 7 final again until the Montreal Canadiens beat Chicago Black Hawks in 1971.

1950s and 1960s Edit

By 1950, the two teams met one another 11 times in the post-season. The rivalry heightened to a fever pitch due to an incident in the 1950 playoffs when the Red Wings' young star, Gordie Howe, mistimed a check on Maple Leafs' Ted Kennedy and fell head-first into the boards, suffering severe injuries and needing emergency surgery to save his life. While Kennedy was exonerated by the NHL, Red Wings' management and fans accused him of deliberately injuring Howe. The result was a violent playoff series won by the Red Wings and increased animosity between the teams.[2]

The rivalry grew so fierce that when the New York Rangers reached the 1950 Stanley Cup Finals to face the Red Wings, but could not play in their home rink, Madison Square Garden, because the Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus were using the arena, New York arranged to play home games in Toronto, whose fans held a deep enmity against the Red Wings.

In the 1956 semifinals series between the Toronto and Detroit, an anonymous caller to a Toronto newspaper claimed he would shoot Red Wings' stars Howe and Lindsay when they took the ice at Maple Leaf Gardens for game three. Howe and Lindsay combined for three goals in Detroit's 5–4 win, with Lindsay turning his stick like a rifle, pointing it at the Toronto crowd, circling the rink while making machine gun noises.[12] The Red Wings would win the semifinals series 4–1.

The rivalry further intensified in the 1950s when relations between Red Wings star Red Kelly and Red Wings General Manager Jack Adams had deteriorated. Angered over a magazine article where Kelly had suggested the Red Wings forced him to play with a broken ankle in the 1958–59 NHL season, Adams traded the all-star to the Maple Leafs. When the Maple Leafs eliminated the Red Wings in the 1960 playoffs, Kelly couldn't resist another jab at Adams, telling the Ottawa Journal "it's nice to be with a winner."

The teams met in two Cup Finals in 1963 and 1964. The 1964 Cup Finals became well known because of the heroics of Leafs defenceman Bobby Baun. In game 6, he was taken off the ice with an injury that later would be diagnosed as a broken leg. Baun eventually returned to the game and scored the OT winner to even the series at 3–3. Toronto went on to win game 7 and the Cup, part in thanks to Baun’s unlikely heroics earlier in the series.

Expansion and stagnation: 1968–2012 Edit

On March 27, 1973, Mickey Redmond scored two goals on Maple Leafs goalie Ron Low in a span of 18 seconds to become the Red Wings' first ever 50-goal scorer in an 8–1 victory. On November 5, 1975, in one of the scariest incidents to ever take place at Maple Leaf Gardens, Red Wings forward, Dan Maloney, repeatedly beat Toronto defenceman Brian Glennie's head off the ice until he went limp. Maloney was charged with assault causing bodily harm, part of a crackdown on hockey violence by Ontario attorney general Roy McMurtry. A plea bargain left Maloney performing community service work while being banned from playing in Toronto for two years. Ironically, Maloney subsequently played for Toronto from 1977–82, then served as their head coach from 1984–86.

Since the end of the Original Six-era, the Maple Leafs and Red Wings have met other only 3 times in the post-season. In those three series, the Red Wings beat the Maple Leafs twice, in the 1987 Norris Division Finals and 1988 Norris Division Semifinals. Toronto beat Detroit in the last series they played one another, the 1993 Norris Division Semifinals. In game 7 of the 1993 Norris Division Semifinals, Maple Leafs' Nikolai Borschevsky's shot the game-winner in overtime past Red Wings goaltender Tim Cheveldae hushing the fans inside Joe Louis Arena. The goal gave the underdog Leafs a shocking first-round series victory over Steve Yzerman’s heavily favoured Red Wings. Borschevsky's game seven overtime goal gave Toronto the series and made them the sixth club to eliminate a team with a better regular season record in the first round of the playoffs. This was also the Maple Leafs' first playoff series win against the Red Wings since the 1964 Cup Finals.

The rivalry stagnated during the mid-1990s and 2000s, when the Maple Leafs moved from the Western Conference (formerly the Clarence Campbell Conference), to the Eastern Conference (formerly the Prince of Wales Conference) to begin the 1998–99 NHL season, leaving the Maple Leafs and Red Wings in separate conferences for 15 years. Because of NHL scheduling for interconference play, the Maple Leafs and Red Wings played one another as little as once a year. The two teams were returned to the same division prior to the 2013–14 NHL season with the Red Wings moving to the Eastern Conference and being placed in the new Atlantic Division of which the Maple Leafs were located.[15]

Modern era: 2013–present Edit

Playing in the same division for the first time since 1993, Detroit hosted Toronto for the 2014 NHL Winter Classic at Michigan Stadium in Ann Arbor. In front of an NHL record crowd of 105,491, and the largest Canadian and American television audiences for a regular season game in NHL history, Toronto beat Detroit 3–2 in a shootout.

The rivalry may have heightened in 2015 with the signing of former Red Wings coach, Mike Babcock, as the new coach of the Leafs. After failing to come to terms on a contract extension with the Red Wings, Babcock requested and received permission to seek employment elsewhere. The Buffalo Sabres were considered the most serious contenders for Babcock's services, with the St. Louis Blues and San Jose Sharks also in the mix. However, on May 20, 2015, it was announced that Babcock would become the new head coach of the Maple Leafs. He reportedly received an 8-year deal worth $50 million ($6.25 million per season average), and will be the highest paid coach in NHL history.

A re-match of the 2014 Winter Classic was held on January 1, 2017; the NHL Centennial Classic at BMO Field in Toronto to commemorate the Maple Leafs' and the NHL's 100th season. Once again, Toronto beat Detroit, winning 5–4 after an overtime goal by Auston Matthews.