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[[File:Pittsburgh_pirates.png|thumb|228px]]
The '''Pittsburgh Pirates''' were an American professional [[ice hockey]] team in the [[National Hockey League]] (NHL), based in [[Pittsburgh]], [[Pennsylvania]] from [[1925–26 NHL season|1925–26]] to [[1929–30 NHL season|1929–30]]. The nickname comes from the [[Pittsburgh Pirates|baseball team also based in the city]]. For the [[1930–31 NHL season|1930–31]] season the team moved to [[Philadelphia, Pennsylvania]] and played one season as the [[Philadelphia Quakers (NHL)|Philadelphia Quakers]].
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'''The Pittsburgh Pirates''' were an American professional ice hockey team in the [[National Hockey League]] (NHL) from 1925–26 to 1929–30. The nickname comes from the baseball team also based in the city.
   
  +
For the 1930–31 season, the team moved to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and played one season as the [[Philadelphia Quakers]].
==Franchise history==
 
===Early days===
+
==Franchise History==
  +
===Early Years===
The Pittsburgh Pirates' history traces back to the [[Pittsburgh Yellow Jackets]] of the US Amateur Hockey Association. The Yellow Jackets' owner was a former referee named [[Roy Schooley]]. Even though the team won the USAHA Championship in 1924 and 1925, Schooley encountered financial problems. His team was purchased by attorney [[James Callahan (Pittsburgh Pirates NHL)|James F. Callahan]]. Callahan renamed the team the Pittsburgh Pirates, after he cashed in a favor from [[Barney Dreyfuss]], the owner of the [[Pittsburgh Pirates]] baseball team. During this time, [[Eddie Livingstone]] was eyeing Pittsburgh as a city for his proposed rival league to the NHL, and [[Frank Calder]] negotiated to put a franchise in Pittsburgh to thwart this. It resulted in the Pirates being granted a franchise by the [[National Hockey League]] (NHL) on November 7, [[1925 in sports|1925]], becoming the seventh team to join the NHL as well as the league's third US-based team.
 
  +
The Pittsburgh Pirates' are traced back to the Pittsburgh Yellow Jackets of the US Amateur Hockey Association.
   
  +
The Yellow Jackets' owner was Roy Schooley, a former referee. Even though the team won the USAHA Championship in 1924 and 1925, Schooley encountered financial problems. His team was then sold to attorney James F. Callahan.
The Pirates were assigned to, what would later be called, the NHL's American Division with the [[Boston Bruins]] and the [[New York Americans]]. The only other American teams in the NHL were the Bruins ([[1924–25 NHL season|1924]] – present) and the [[New York Americans]] ([[1925–26 NHL season|1925]] – [[1941–42 NHL season|1942]]). The [[Duquesne Gardens]], located in the city's [[Oakland (Pittsburgh)|Oakland]] neighborhood, served as the team's home arena. The Pirates, dubbed the "Mighty Steel City Sextet" in the [[Pittsburgh Press]], were mostly leftovers from the former Pittsburgh Yellow Jackets. Ten former Yellow Jacket players would play for the Pirates.
 
   
  +
Pittsburgh was granted a franchise by the NHL on November 7, 1925.
===The Inaugural season===
 
The Pirates first season was the [[1925–26 NHL season]]. On Thanksgiving night 1925, the Pirates beat the Boston Bruins, 2-1, on the road in their very first NHL game on November 26, 1925 at the [[Boston Arena]]. [[defenceman (ice hockey)|Defenceman]] and [[captain (ice hockey)|captain]] Lionel Conacher scored Pittsburgh's first-ever NHL goal. Conacher beat Boston [[goaltender]] [[Charles Stewart (ice hockey)|Charles Stewart]] at the 17:50 mark of the second period to tie the game at 1-1. Pirates' [[Left Wing (ice hockey)|left wing]] [[Harold Darragh]] notched Pittsburgh's first game-winning goal 9:20 into the third period. While Pittsburgh goaltender [[Roy Worters]] stopped 26 of 27 shots to record the first win in franchise history.
 
   
  +
The move came after Eddie Livingstone, the former owner of the Toronto Shamrocks and the Toronto Blueshirts of the National Hockey Association saw Pittsburgh as a possible member for a proposed rival league to the NHL; Pittsburgh had (in the 1890s) been the first metropolitan area to professionalize the game of ice hockey.
Two nights later, on November 28, 1925, the Pirates would stun the [[Montreal Canadiens]]. Legendary Habs goaltender, [[Georges Vézina|Georges Vezina]], would play his final game in a 1-0 loss to the Pirates. Vezina had started the game with severe chest pains and left the game during the first intermission with a high fever. He died four months later from [[tuberculosis]].
 
   
  +
In order to thwart the new league, the President of the NHL, Frank Calder negotiated to put a franchise in Pittsburgh which become the seventh team to join the NHL as well as the league's third US-based team.
The first NHL game ever played in Pittsburgh was on December 2, 1925 in which 8,200 fans paid $1.00 to see the 8:30 p.m. faceoff at The Gardens. The Pirates lost to the New York Americans in overtime, 2-1, and Conacher scored the lone goal for Pittsburgh at 9:15 of the second period.
 
   
  +
Callahan then renamed his team the Pittsburgh Pirates, after he received permission from Barney Dreyfuss, the owner of the Pittsburgh Pirates baseball team.
In 36 games, the Pirates had an impressive 19 wins, 16 losses, and 1 tie for third best in the league. With a 0.542 winning percentage, that first season would arguably be the team's best. They made the playoffs their inaugural year. The Pirates faced the [[Montreal Maroons]] in a best-of-three, semi-final Stanley Cup playoff series. However the team lost the series to Montreal in two straight games at the Duquesne Gardens. The Maroons would later win the [[Stanley Cup]].
 
   
  +
The Pirates were assigned to what would later be called the NHL's American Division, with the [[Boston Bruins]] and the [[New York Americans]]. These two franchises were the only other American teams in the NHL at the time.
[[Image:Pirates1925-26.jpg|320px|left|thumb|Pirates Opening Night Lineup: December 2, 1925]]
 
   
  +
The Duquesne Gardens (located in the city's Oakland neighborhood) served as the team's home arena.
===1926-1928===
 
After a good start to their franchise history, things went downhill from there. In their second season, [[1926–27 NHL season|1926–1927]], the Pirates missed the playoffs after finishing in fourth place.
 
   
  +
The Pirates (dubbed the "Mighty Steel City Sextet" in the Pittsburgh Press) were mostly leftovers from the former Pittsburgh Yellow Jackets. Ten former Yellow Jacket players would play for the Pirates.
The Pirates' third season ([[1927–28 NHL season|1927–28]]) was that other season. In their third season, [[1927–28 NHL season|1927–1928]], the Pirates had 19 wins, 17 losses, and 8 ties and made the playoffs. This playoff series would be based on a two game total goal series format. In the playoffs the Pirates would be beaten by the Rangers 6-4. As their 4-2 win in Game 2 could not overcome a 4-0 white washing that they suffered in Game 1. This marked the second time the team lost in the first round to the eventual Stanley Cup winner. It would turn out to be the last playoff game the Pirates would play.
 
   
 
===The Inaugural Season===
[[Image:Pittsburghpirates1925-26small.jpg|350px|right|thumb|The 1925–1926 Pittsburgh Pirates with owner James Callahan]]
 
  +
The Pirates began play during the 1925–26 NHL season.
   
  +
On November 26, 1925 (on Thanksgiving night), the Pirates defeated the Boston Bruins, 2-1, on the road in their very first NHL game which was held at Boston Arena.
===Decline===
 
In 1928 financial problems forced the original owner, Callahan, to sell the team to an ownership group which included [[mobster]] [[Bill Dwyer (mobster)|Bill Dwyer]] with [[Boxing|fight]] promoter and ex-lightweight boxing champion, [[Benny Leonard]] as his front man. Despite the sale of the team, things didn't improve on the ice. Cleghorn left the team at the end of the [[1928–29 NHL season|1928–1929 season]] and became a referee in the league. This led the Pirates to assign coaching duties to [[Frank Fredrickson]] in 1929–30. The team also switched to black and orange uniforms for their fifth and what would be their final season. The [[1929–30 NHL season|1929–30 season]] saw the Pirates achieve their worst win-loss record with 5 wins, 36 losses, and 3 ties in 44 games. In five seasons, they were above .500 only twice and made the playoffs only twice.
 
   
  +
Defenceman and captain [[Lionel Conacher]] scored Pittsburgh's first-ever NHL goal. Conacher beat Boston goaltender [[Charles Stewart]] at the 17:50 mark of the second period to tie the game at 1-1.
Things didn't improve financially either. With the [[stock market crash of 1929]] followed by the [[Great Depression]], the owners found themselves in financial difficulties. Attendance was down and they tried selling off their star players to make ends meet. The team was $400,000 in debt by the end of the [[1929–30 NHL season|1929–30 season]] and in need to replace the aging Duquesne Gardens.
 
  +
  +
Pirates' left winger [[Harold Darragh]] notched Pittsburgh's first game-winning goal 9:20 into the third period. While Pittsburgh goaltender Roy Worters stopped 26 of 27 shots to record the first NHL win in franchise and city history.
  +
  +
Two nights later, on November 28, 1925, the Pirates stunned the Montreal Canadiens, defeating them 1-0.
  +
  +
The 1-0 loss to the Pirates, marked the final game for legendary Habs goaltender, [[Georges Vezina]].
  +
  +
Vezina had started the game with severe chest pains and left the game during the first intermission with a high fever. He died four months later from tuberculosis. Meanwhile, the first NHL game ever played in Pittsburgh was on December 2, 1925 in which 8,200 fans paid $1.00 to see the 8:30 p.m. faceoff at the Duquesne Gardens.
  +
 
The Pirates lost to the New York Americans in overtime, 2-1, and Conacher scored the lone goal for Pittsburgh at 9:15 of the second period.
  +
 
In 36 games, the Pirates posted an impressive 19-16-1 record for third best in the league. With a 0.542 winning percentage, that first season would arguably be the team's best. They made the playoffs their inaugural year.
  +
  +
During the playoffs, the Pirates faced the Montreal Maroons in a best-of-three, semi-final Stanley Cup playoff series.
  +
  +
However, the team lost the series to Montreal in two straight games at the Duquesne Gardens. The Maroons would then go on to win the Stanley Cup.
  +
 
===1926 to 1928===
 
In their second season, the Pirates missed the playoffs after finishing in fourth place.
  +
  +
The Pirates' third season saw the team post a 19-17-8 record and earn a playoff spot. This playoff series would be based on a two-game total goal series format.
  +
  +
In the playoffs, the Pirates were defeated by the [[New York Rangers]] 6 to 4.
  +
  +
The Pirates were defeated in Game 1 4-0 and their 4-2 win in Game 2 could not overcome New York's lead in goals.
  +
  +
This marked the second time the team lost in the first round to the eventual Stanley Cup winner. It would also turn out to be the last playoff game that the Pirates would play.
  +
 
===The Decline of the Team===
  +
In 1928, financial problems forced James Callahan to sell the team to an ownership group which included Bill Dwyer, an early Prohibition gangster and bootlegger and Benny Leonard, a fight promoter and ex-lightweight boxing champion, as his front man.
  +
  +
Despite the sale of the team, things didn't improve on the ice for the Pirates.
  +
  +
The team's coach, Odie Cleghorn left the team at the end of the 1928–1929 season to become a referee. [[Frank Fredrickson]] was then named the team's coach.
  +
  +
Another major change came with the team's uniforms as the Pirates' color scheme changed to black and orange.
  +
  +
The Pirates' 1929-30 season was their fifth season in the NHL, and what would eventually be their last.
  +
  +
The season saw the Pirates achieve their worst win-loss record with 5-36-3 record.
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  +
With the stock market crash of 1929, followed by the Great Depression, the owners found themselves in financial difficulties.
  +
  +
Attendance for games was down and the owners tried selling off their star players in order to make ends meet.
  +
  +
The team was $400,000 in debt by the end of their final season and in need of a replacement for the aging Duquesne Gardens.
   
 
===Relocation===
 
===Relocation===
  +
On October 18, 1930, at the NHL Board of Governors meeting, Leonard moved the team across Pennsylvania, to Philadelphia, and renamed them the Philadelphia Quakers.
On October 18, 1930 at the NHL Governors meeting, Leonard moved the team to the other side of Pennsylvania and renamed them the [[Philadelphia Quakers (NHL)|Philadelphia Quakers]]. However, Leonard's intention was to return the team to Pittsburgh as soon as a new arena was built. Thirteen players from the Pirates were transferred to the Philadelphia Quakers after Pittsburgh franchise relocated. These players were [[Cliff Barton]], [[Harold Darragh]], [[Herb Drury]], [[Gord Fraser (ice hockey)|Gord Frasier]], [[James Jarvis (ice hockey)|Jim Jarvis]], [[Gerry Lowrey]], [[Rennison Manners]], [[Johnny McKinnon]], [[Hib Milks]], [[Joseph Anthony Miller|Joe Miller]], [[Rodger Smith]] & [[Wilfred White (ice hockey)|Tex White]]. [[Frank Fredrickson]] was also transferred to the Quakers, but he was released by Philadelphia two days later. The Quakers had a wretched season in [[1930–31 NHL season|1930–31]]. The team then received permission from the NHL on September 26, 1931 to temporally cease operations as they sought a permanent arena in either Pittsburgh or Philadelphia.
 
   
  +
However, Leonard's intention was to return the team to Pittsburgh as soon as a new arena was built. Thirteen players from the Pirates were transferred to the Philadelphia Quakers after Pittsburgh franchise relocated.
Meanwhile the poor economy was taking a toll on the entire league. The Great Depression would devastate the NHL as 4 teams were forced to fold, leaving behind just [[Original Six|six teams]]. When a new Pittsburgh arena failed to materialize, Leonard surrendered his franchise in 1936. As it turned out, a new arena in Pittsburgh wouldn't be built until the Pittsburgh Civic Arena (now [[Mellon Arena]]) opened in 1961. The NHL would play with six teams for 25 years before deciding to expand. The [[1967 NHL Expansion|expansion in 1967]] brought the [[Pittsburgh Penguins]] to the NHL and the city of Pittsburgh and the orange and black uniformed [[Philadelphia Flyers]] to Philadelphia. The last active Pirates player was [[Cliff Barton]], who played his last NHL game in 1940.
 
   
  +
These players were Cliff Barton, Harold Darragh, Herb Drury, Gord Frasier, Jim Jarvis, Gerry Lowrey, Rennison Manners, Johnny McKinnon, Hib Milks, Joe Miller, Rodger Smith and Tex White.
==Historic firsts==
 
The Pittsburgh Pirates have left their mark in the NHL record books and NHL history with many firsts and other notable achievements.
 
   
  +
Frank Fredrickson was also transferred to the Quakers, but he was released by Philadelphia two days later. The Quakers posted a poor 4–36–4 record in 1930–31.
*[[Odie Cleghorn]], the Pirates' coach (and occasional player) for the first four seasons, was the first NHL coach to '''change his players on the fly'''. [http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=cHgrAAAAIBAJ&sjid=FEoEAAAAIBAJ&pg=6918%2C2509147 This article] from the December 21, 1925 ''Pittsburgh Press'' describes how Cleghorn would change the forward line halfway through each period with another set of attackers, who would play for "six or eight minutes". The first line would then come back on to finish the period. The defencemen were not changed.
 
   
  +
The team then received permission from the NHL on September 26, 1931 to temporally cease operations as they sought a new permanent arena, located in either Pittsburgh or Philadelphia.
*Cleghorn was also the first coach to use '''three set forward lines''', which was a huge change from the standard, which was to simply leave the best players out for as long as possible. {{Citation needed|date=December 2008}}
 
   
  +
Meanwhile, the poor economy was taking a toll on the entire league.
*The Pirates set an '''NHL record in salaries''' by signing [[Defenceman (ice hockey)|defenceman]] [[Lionel Conacher]] to a three-year deal worth $7,500 a year. Conacher was later named Canada's athlete of the half-century.{{Citation needed|date=December 2008}}
 
   
  +
The Great Depression devastated the NHL as four teams were forced to fold, leaving behind just six teams.
*On December 26, [[1926–27 NHL season|1926]] the Pirates and the New York Americans combined for a still standing '''NHL record for most shots in one game'''. The two teams combined for 141 shots in a 3–1 New York win. [[Roy Worters]] made 70 saves for the Pirates and [[Jake Forbes]] made 67 saves for the Americans. That is a record that still stands today.{{Citation needed|date=October 2009}}
 
   
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When a new Pittsburgh arena failed to materialize, Leonard surrendered his franchise in 1936.
*The Pirates were '''the first team in Pittsburgh to use the black & gold color scheme'''. [http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=cHgrAAAAIBAJ&sjid=FEoEAAAAIBAJ&pg=6918%2C2509147 This newspaper article] from December 1925 refers to the Pirates as "the Black and Gold".
 
   
  +
As it turned out, a new arena in Pittsburgh wouldn't be built until the Pittsburgh Civic Arena opened in 1961. The NHL would play with six teams for 25 years before deciding to expand.
==Logos and uniforms==
 
   
  +
The expansion in 1967 brought the Pittsburgh Penguins to the NHL and the city of Pittsburgh and the orange and black uniformed Philadelphia Flyers to Philadelphia. The last active Pirates player was Cliff Barton, who played his last NHL game in 1940.
The Pirates were the first team in Pittsburgh to use the black & gold color scheme, basing their colors around the [[Flag of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania|Flag of Pittsburgh]]'s colors. Decades after the team folded, the colors have become the team colors of all three of Pittsburgh's major sports teams. However, during the team's existence, they would be the only team in the city with the colors, as the [[Pittsburgh Pirates|baseball team of the same name]], like all other baseball teams at the time, had a more patriotic red, white, and blue color scheme and wouldn't adopt black & gold until [[1948 in baseball|1948]]. The [[NFL]]'s [[Pittsburgh Steelers]] were not in existence until 1933, three years after the team left town and two years after the franchise folded altogether.
 
   
 
==Historic Firsts==
The Pirates would later have a connection with Pittsburgh's next NHL franchise; the [[Pittsburgh Penguins]] used the Pirates as an example of a team other than the [[Boston Bruins]] using the black & gold color scheme when the Bruins protested to the NHL over the Penguins change in team colors in January 1980. The NHL allowed the Penguins to change their colors as a result of the Pirates using these colors.
 
 
*[[Odie Cleghorn]], the Pirates' coach (and occasional player) for the first four seasons, was the first NHL coach to change his players on the fly. This article from the December 21, 1925, Pittsburgh Press described how Cleghorn would change the forward line halfway through each period with another set of attackers, who would play for "six or eight minutes". The first line would then come back on to finish the period. The defencemen were not changed.
[[Image:2930PiratesJersey.jpg|120px|thumb| Pittsburgh Pirates 1929–30 jersey]]
 
The Pirates wore bright yellow wool jerseys with black trim stripes with a "P" on the front of their jerseys during the 1925–1926 season. The team used the Pittsburgh's city crest emblems from older police jackets on the uniform sleeves. Callahan's brother was a policeman in the city and offered the use of police emblems to the team. The first year jerseys appear to have been inherited from the Pittsburgh Yellow Jackets old jerseys. The Pirates featured new jerseys in 1928–29 that were gold with black striping. The word "Pirates" written in arched, blocked lettering. The city crest on the sleeves was replaced with a "P".
 
   
 
*Cleghorn was also the first coach to use three set forward lines which was a huge change from the standard which was to simply leave the best players out for as long as possible.
In 1929–30 the Pirates switched to black and orange uniforms for their fifth and final season. The wool jerseys featured a chain-knit logo of a pirate face with an eye patch and hat with skull and cross bones. The jersey featured double striping on the sleeves and a diagonal background behind the crest. The orange and black remained when the Pirates moved across the state to become the Quakers, Philadelphia's first NHL team, adopting script lettering like the original Pirates' uniforms. When the Philadelphia Flyers joined the NHL in 1967, they adopted the orange and black colors first worn by the Pirates and Quakers.
 
<gallery>
 
Image:NHL Pirates logo.png|'''1928–1929''' Logo
 
Image:NHL Pirates 1929 logo.png|'''1929–1930''' Logo
 
</gallery>
 
   
 
*The Pirates set an NHL record in salaries by signing defenceman [[Lionel Conacher]] to a three-year deal worth $7,500 a year. Conacher was later named Canada's athlete of the half-century.
<gallery>
 
  +
Image:Pirates1.gif|'''1925–1927''' Uniform
 
 
*On December 26, 1926 the Pirates and the New York Americans combined for a still standing NHL record for most shots in one game. The two teams combined for 141 shots in a 3–1 New York win. [[Roy Worters]] made 70 saves for the Pirates and [[Jake Forbes]] made 67 saves for the Americans. That is a record that still stands today.
Image:Pirates2.gif|'''1928–1929''' Uniform
 
  +
Image:Pirates3.gif|'''1929–1930''' ''Orange'' Uniform
 
 
*The Pirates were the first team in Pittsburgh to use the black & gold color scheme. An article dated December 21, 1925, from the Pittsburgh Press referred to the Pirates as "the Black and Gold".
</gallery>
 
   
 
==Hall of Famers==
 
==Hall of Famers==
Line 74: Line 114:
 
*[[Roy Worters]]
 
*[[Roy Worters]]
   
==Olympic winners==
+
==Olympic Winners==
Members of the team who were also [[Olympic medalists]]
 
 
 
===1920===
 
===1920===
[[1920 Olympic Games]]: [[Antwerp, Belgium]]
+
'''1920 Olympic Games in Antwerp, Belgium'''
   
*[[Frank Frederickson]] won a gold medal with the [[Canada men's national ice hockey team|Canadian national hockey team]]
+
*[[Frank Frederickson]] won a gold medal with the Canadian national hockey team
*[[Herb Drury]] won a silver medal with the [[United States men's national ice hockey team|American national hockey team]]
+
*[[Herb Drury]] won a silver medal with the American national hockey team
   
 
===1924===
 
===1924===
[[1924 Winter Olympic Games|1924 Olympic Games]]: [[Chamonix, France]]
+
'''1924 Olympic Games in Chamonix, France'''
   
 
*[[Bert McCaffrey]] won a gold medal with the Canadian national hockey team
 
*[[Bert McCaffrey]] won a gold medal with the Canadian national hockey team
*Herb Drury won a silver medal with the American national hockey team
+
*[[Herb Drury]] won a silver medal with the American national hockey team
   
== Season-by-season record ==
+
==Season-By-Season Record==
 
'''''Note:''' GP = Games played, W = Wins, L = Losses, T = Ties, Pts = Points, GF = Goals for, GA = Goals against, PIM = Penalties in minutes''
 
'''''Note:''' GP = Games played, W = Wins, L = Losses, T = Ties, Pts = Points, GF = Goals for, GA = Goals against, PIM = Penalties in minutes''
 
{| cellpadding=5
 
{| cellpadding=5
 
|- bgcolor="#dddddd"
 
|- bgcolor="#dddddd"
! Season || GP || W || L || T || Pts || GF || GA || PIM || Finish || Playoffs
+
! Season || GP || W || L || T || Pts || GF || GA || PIM || Finish || Playoffs
 
|-
 
|-
| [[1925–26 Pittsburgh Pirates (NHL) season|1925–26]] ||36 ||19 ||16 ||1 || 39 || 82 || 70 ||264|| third in NHL || Lost Semifinals ([[Montreal Maroons|Montreal]])
+
| [[1925–26 Pittsburgh Pirates (NHL) season|1925–26]] ||36 ||19 ||16 ||1 || 39 || 82 || 70 ||264|| third in NHL || Lost Semifinals ([[Montreal Maroons|Montreal]]) 6-4
|- bgcolor="#eeeeee"
+
|- bgcolor="#eeeeee"
 
| [[1926–27 Pittsburgh Pirates (NHL) season|1926–27]] ||44 ||15 ||26 ||3 || 33 || 79 ||108 ||230|| fourth in American || Out of Playoffs
 
| [[1926–27 Pittsburgh Pirates (NHL) season|1926–27]] ||44 ||15 ||26 ||3 || 33 || 79 ||108 ||230|| fourth in American || Out of Playoffs
|-
+
|-
| [[1927–28 Pittsburgh Pirates (NHL) season|1927–28]] ||44 ||19 ||17 ||8 || 46 || 67 || 76 ||395|| third in American || Lost Semifinals ([[New York Rangers|New York]])
+
| [[1927–28 Pittsburgh Pirates (NHL) season|1927–28]] ||44 ||19 ||17 ||8 || 46 || 67 || 76 ||395|| third in American || Lost Semifinals ([[New York Rangers|New York]]) 6-4
 
|- bgcolor="#eeeeee"
 
|- bgcolor="#eeeeee"
 
| [[1928–29 Pittsburgh Pirates (NHL) season|1928–29]] ||44 || 9 ||27 ||8 || 26 || 46 || 80 ||324|| fourth in American || Out of Playoffs
 
| [[1928–29 Pittsburgh Pirates (NHL) season|1928–29]] ||44 || 9 ||27 ||8 || 26 || 46 || 80 ||324|| fourth in American || Out of Playoffs
|-
+
|-
 
| [[1929–30 Pittsburgh Pirates (NHL) season|1929–30]] ||44 || 5 ||36 ||3 || 13 ||102 ||185 ||384|| fifth in American || Out of Playoffs
 
| [[1929–30 Pittsburgh Pirates (NHL) season|1929–30]] ||44 || 5 ||36 ||3 || 13 ||102 ||185 ||384|| fifth in American || Out of Playoffs
 
|- bgcolor="#dddddd"
 
|- bgcolor="#dddddd"
 
! Totals || 212 || 67 || 122 || 23 || 157 || 376 || 519 || 1597
 
! Totals || 212 || 67 || 122 || 23 || 157 || 376 || 519 || 1597
 
|}
 
|}
 
==See also==
 
*[[Philadelphia Quakers (NHL)|Philadelphia Quakers]]
 
*[[List of Pittsburgh Pirates (NHL) players]]
 
*[[Head Coaches of the Pittsburgh Pirates (NHL)]]
 
*[[List of NHL seasons]]
 
*[[List of defunct NHL teams]]
 
*[[List of NHL players]]
 
 
==References==
 
*[http://letsgopens.com/pirates/index.html Pittsburgh Pirates]
 
*[http://www.hockeydb.com/ihdb/stats/teamseasons.php?tid=784 Hockey Database]
 
*[http://www.penguinjersey.com/PiratesPages/PiratesLOBBY.html PittsburghHockey.net]
 
*[http://www.sportsecyclopedia.com/nhl/phlpit/pitpiratesnhl.html Sports Encyclopedia: Pitsburgh Pirates (NHL)]
 
*[http://www.pghsports.com/2008-Issues/psr0803/08030126.html Pittsburgh Sports Report March 2008]
 
*[http://www.nhluniforms.com/Twenties.html nhluniforms.com]
 
 
[[Category:NHL teams]]
 
[[Category:NHL teams]]
  +
[[Category:Defunct National Hockey League teams]]

Latest revision as of 21:32, 27 June 2016

Pittsburgh pirates.png

The Pittsburgh Pirates were an American professional ice hockey team in the National Hockey League (NHL) from 1925–26 to 1929–30. The nickname comes from the baseball team also based in the city.

For the 1930–31 season, the team moved to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and played one season as the Philadelphia Quakers.

Franchise History[]

Early Years[]

The Pittsburgh Pirates' are traced back to the Pittsburgh Yellow Jackets of the US Amateur Hockey Association.

The Yellow Jackets' owner was Roy Schooley, a former referee. Even though the team won the USAHA Championship in 1924 and 1925, Schooley encountered financial problems. His team was then sold to attorney James F. Callahan.

Pittsburgh was granted a franchise by the NHL on November 7, 1925.

The move came after Eddie Livingstone, the former owner of the Toronto Shamrocks and the Toronto Blueshirts of the National Hockey Association saw Pittsburgh as a possible member for a proposed rival league to the NHL; Pittsburgh had (in the 1890s) been the first metropolitan area to professionalize the game of ice hockey.

In order to thwart the new league, the President of the NHL, Frank Calder negotiated to put a franchise in Pittsburgh which become the seventh team to join the NHL as well as the league's third US-based team.

Callahan then renamed his team the Pittsburgh Pirates, after he received permission from Barney Dreyfuss, the owner of the Pittsburgh Pirates baseball team.

The Pirates were assigned to what would later be called the NHL's American Division, with the Boston Bruins and the New York Americans. These two franchises were the only other American teams in the NHL at the time.

The Duquesne Gardens (located in the city's Oakland neighborhood) served as the team's home arena.

The Pirates (dubbed the "Mighty Steel City Sextet" in the Pittsburgh Press) were mostly leftovers from the former Pittsburgh Yellow Jackets. Ten former Yellow Jacket players would play for the Pirates.

The Inaugural Season[]

The Pirates began play during the 1925–26 NHL season.

On November 26, 1925 (on Thanksgiving night), the Pirates defeated the Boston Bruins, 2-1, on the road in their very first NHL game which was held at Boston Arena.

Defenceman and captain Lionel Conacher scored Pittsburgh's first-ever NHL goal. Conacher beat Boston goaltender Charles Stewart at the 17:50 mark of the second period to tie the game at 1-1.

Pirates' left winger Harold Darragh notched Pittsburgh's first game-winning goal 9:20 into the third period. While Pittsburgh goaltender Roy Worters stopped 26 of 27 shots to record the first NHL win in franchise and city history.

Two nights later, on November 28, 1925, the Pirates stunned the Montreal Canadiens, defeating them 1-0.

The 1-0 loss to the Pirates, marked the final game for legendary Habs goaltender, Georges Vezina.

Vezina had started the game with severe chest pains and left the game during the first intermission with a high fever. He died four months later from tuberculosis. Meanwhile, the first NHL game ever played in Pittsburgh was on December 2, 1925 in which 8,200 fans paid $1.00 to see the 8:30 p.m. faceoff at the Duquesne Gardens.

The Pirates lost to the New York Americans in overtime, 2-1, and Conacher scored the lone goal for Pittsburgh at 9:15 of the second period.

In 36 games, the Pirates posted an impressive 19-16-1 record for third best in the league. With a 0.542 winning percentage, that first season would arguably be the team's best. They made the playoffs their inaugural year.

During the playoffs, the Pirates faced the Montreal Maroons in a best-of-three, semi-final Stanley Cup playoff series.

However, the team lost the series to Montreal in two straight games at the Duquesne Gardens. The Maroons would then go on to win the Stanley Cup.

1926 to 1928[]

In their second season, the Pirates missed the playoffs after finishing in fourth place.

The Pirates' third season saw the team post a 19-17-8 record and earn a playoff spot. This playoff series would be based on a two-game total goal series format.

In the playoffs, the Pirates were defeated by the New York Rangers 6 to 4.

The Pirates were defeated in Game 1 4-0 and their 4-2 win in Game 2 could not overcome New York's lead in goals.

This marked the second time the team lost in the first round to the eventual Stanley Cup winner. It would also turn out to be the last playoff game that the Pirates would play.

The Decline of the Team[]

In 1928, financial problems forced James Callahan to sell the team to an ownership group which included Bill Dwyer, an early Prohibition gangster and bootlegger and Benny Leonard, a fight promoter and ex-lightweight boxing champion, as his front man.

Despite the sale of the team, things didn't improve on the ice for the Pirates.

The team's coach, Odie Cleghorn left the team at the end of the 1928–1929 season to become a referee. Frank Fredrickson was then named the team's coach.

Another major change came with the team's uniforms as the Pirates' color scheme changed to black and orange.

The Pirates' 1929-30 season was their fifth season in the NHL, and what would eventually be their last.

The season saw the Pirates achieve their worst win-loss record with 5-36-3 record.

With the stock market crash of 1929, followed by the Great Depression, the owners found themselves in financial difficulties.

Attendance for games was down and the owners tried selling off their star players in order to make ends meet.

The team was $400,000 in debt by the end of their final season and in need of a replacement for the aging Duquesne Gardens.

Relocation[]

On October 18, 1930, at the NHL Board of Governors meeting, Leonard moved the team across Pennsylvania, to Philadelphia, and renamed them the Philadelphia Quakers.

However, Leonard's intention was to return the team to Pittsburgh as soon as a new arena was built. Thirteen players from the Pirates were transferred to the Philadelphia Quakers after Pittsburgh franchise relocated.

These players were Cliff Barton, Harold Darragh, Herb Drury, Gord Frasier, Jim Jarvis, Gerry Lowrey, Rennison Manners, Johnny McKinnon, Hib Milks, Joe Miller, Rodger Smith and Tex White.

Frank Fredrickson was also transferred to the Quakers, but he was released by Philadelphia two days later. The Quakers posted a poor 4–36–4 record in 1930–31.

The team then received permission from the NHL on September 26, 1931 to temporally cease operations as they sought a new permanent arena, located in either Pittsburgh or Philadelphia.

Meanwhile, the poor economy was taking a toll on the entire league.

The Great Depression devastated the NHL as four teams were forced to fold, leaving behind just six teams.

When a new Pittsburgh arena failed to materialize, Leonard surrendered his franchise in 1936.

As it turned out, a new arena in Pittsburgh wouldn't be built until the Pittsburgh Civic Arena opened in 1961. The NHL would play with six teams for 25 years before deciding to expand.

The expansion in 1967 brought the Pittsburgh Penguins to the NHL and the city of Pittsburgh and the orange and black uniformed Philadelphia Flyers to Philadelphia. The last active Pirates player was Cliff Barton, who played his last NHL game in 1940.

Historic Firsts[]

  • Odie Cleghorn, the Pirates' coach (and occasional player) for the first four seasons, was the first NHL coach to change his players on the fly. This article from the December 21, 1925, Pittsburgh Press described how Cleghorn would change the forward line halfway through each period with another set of attackers, who would play for "six or eight minutes". The first line would then come back on to finish the period. The defencemen were not changed.
  • Cleghorn was also the first coach to use three set forward lines which was a huge change from the standard which was to simply leave the best players out for as long as possible.
  • The Pirates set an NHL record in salaries by signing defenceman Lionel Conacher to a three-year deal worth $7,500 a year. Conacher was later named Canada's athlete of the half-century.
  • On December 26, 1926 the Pirates and the New York Americans combined for a still standing NHL record for most shots in one game. The two teams combined for 141 shots in a 3–1 New York win. Roy Worters made 70 saves for the Pirates and Jake Forbes made 67 saves for the Americans. That is a record that still stands today.
  • The Pirates were the first team in Pittsburgh to use the black & gold color scheme. An article dated December 21, 1925, from the Pittsburgh Press referred to the Pirates as "the Black and Gold".

Hall of Famers[]

  • Lionel Conacher
  • Frank Fredrickson
  • Mickey MacKay
  • Roy Worters

Olympic Winners[]

1920[]

1920 Olympic Games in Antwerp, Belgium

  • Frank Frederickson won a gold medal with the Canadian national hockey team
  • Herb Drury won a silver medal with the American national hockey team

1924[]

1924 Olympic Games in Chamonix, France

  • Bert McCaffrey won a gold medal with the Canadian national hockey team
  • Herb Drury won a silver medal with the American national hockey team

Season-By-Season Record[]

Note: GP = Games played, W = Wins, L = Losses, T = Ties, Pts = Points, GF = Goals for, GA = Goals against, PIM = Penalties in minutes

Season GP W L T Pts GF GA PIM Finish Playoffs
1925–26 36 19 16 1 39 82 70 264 third in NHL Lost Semifinals (Montreal) 6-4
1926–27 44 15 26 3 33 79 108 230 fourth in American Out of Playoffs
1927–28 44 19 17 8 46 67 76 395 third in American Lost Semifinals (New York) 6-4
1928–29 44 9 27 8 26 46 80 324 fourth in American Out of Playoffs
1929–30 44 5 36 3 13 102 185 384 fifth in American Out of Playoffs
Totals 212 67 122 23 157 376 519 1597